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Colligative Properties of Solutions


Introduction and Summary

Colligative Properties

Colligative Property  -  A property that depends only on the amount of solute in a solution and not the identity of the solute.
Concentrated  -  A solution of high concentration.
Concentration  -  The amount of solute dissolved in a given amount of solvent.
Dilute  -  A solution of low concentration or the process of lowering the concentration of a solution by the addition of solvent.
Dilution  -  The decrease of the concentration of a solution by the addition of more solvent.
Dissolve  -  To become a part of a solution.
Nonvolatile  -  A substance that does not have an appreciable vapor pressure.
Raoult's Law  -  The vapor pressure of a solution is the product of the mole fraction of the solvent and the vapor pressure of the pure solvent.
Solubility  -  The amount of a particular solute that can dissolve in a given amount of a particular solvent. Solubilities are generally listed in g / L.
Solute  -  A minor component of a solution.
Solution  -  A homogeneous mixture.
Solvent  -  The major component of a solution.