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Cloud 9

Caryl Churchill

Act II, Scene 1

Act I, Scenes 4–5

Act II, Scene 2

Note: The actors from Act I assume new roles for Act II. No new actors are used.

Summary

Four year old Cathy (played by a man), her mother Lin and Victoria linger about on a winter afternoon at a children's play area in a park. Victoria reads as Cathy recites lewd poetry. Lin, growing tired of Cathy's poems, suggests that Cathy paint. Cathy, after changing her mind a couple of times, decides not to paint. She runs off when Victoria points out that the "big bike" is open.

Lin complains that Cathy is "off" and afraid of being abandoned. To Lin's frustration, Victoria remains entrenched in her book. Eventually, Lin manages to distract Victoria enough to invite her to a movie. Cathy runs onstage shooting a toy gun, then leaves again. Noticing, Victoria mentions her despair over letting her son Tommy play with guns. This talk of gun leads Lin to mention her brother in the army.

The discussion of family leads to Lin's revelation that she was married to an abusive husband, but is now a lesbian. Victoria relates that her marriage to Martin is "Up and down. You know. Very well." Edward (played by a different actor) enters to tell Victoria that their mother Betty is walking around the park. Dutifully, Victoria leaves to speak with her.

Following her intuition, Lin asks Edward if he is gay. He quiets Lin nervously, fearful that someone might have heard her. Victoria re-enters with Betty. Betty speaks continuously, sometimes lecturing Victoria on parenting, at other times rambling about clothes and gardening. At one point, she slips in the comment that she might leave Clive and get a job. After letting Betty go on for a while, everyone turns his or her attention to Cathy, who has covered a sheet of paper with black paint. Betty offers an alternative to painting by putting her earrings on Cathy. Cathy's excitement over her newly discovered beauty drives her to ask for Betty's necklace (the same one from Act I) and then for her hat. Lin decides that Cathy has had enough of femininity and begins to take the items from Cathy to give back to Betty. Cathy throws a fit.

Once Betty leaves, Victoria and Edward express their concern over Betty leaving their father. Cathy offers her painting to Edward, and she exits. Before Lin follows, she asks Victoria to have sex with her. Victoria's only explicit concern with the offer is that it might count as adultery.

Analysis

Each production of Cloud 9 has the liberty to choose its own character doublings, which can and does result in drastically different interpretations of the second act. Perhaps the greatest of these decisions is who will play Cathy. Logistically, there are really only two possibilities: either Clive or Joshua can become Cathy. Caryl Churchill admits an affinity for the Clive-Cathy swap, and, indeed, this combination seems to make the most sense thematically. If Clive becomes Cathy, the first image presented in the second act is one of the first act's aristocrat rendered childlike by the passage of time. Churchill intends for Cathy to stand out, making her the only character in the second act played by a member of the opposite sex.

Churchill's choices in switching roles say certain things about how time has treated her protagonists. Without any words being exchanged, an audience can make some assumptions about where the story stands as Act II begins. Victoria is an actor now, no longer a doll, suggesting that she has acquired at least some independence from her father's control. Betty and Edward are now played by same- sex actors, indicating that they, too, might have come closer to finding out who they truly are. One must be careful about drawing too many conclusions, however, because each production has some liberty to choose its own casting switches, a convention that allows for different interpretations of the second act's opening images.

Perhaps the most notable change marked by the opening of the second act is the shift in tone. Churchill lets the audience know immediately that this will not be the farce that the first act was. The characters speak without stereotypical speech. Their language is less theatrical and more conversational. Instead of making poetic statements about the nature of women and the need to tame the natives, as Clive was so inclined to do, Lin and Cathy speak about movies and Betty speaks about the weather. Churchill has not robbed this new act of comedy, but she has made it possible for the audience to really identify with the protagonists. When Churchill wrote the play, the second act was meant to take place in the present day. In some ways, the second act brings the lessons of the first act to bear on the present audience.

Regardless of which actor plays Betty in the second act, the character Betty exhibits remarkable change. She speaks almost to exhaustion, far more opinionated than her first act counterpart. She also announces her intention to leave Clive, laying out her intention to give independence, and even work, a try. Nevertheless, Betty is not fully separated from her past. She still speaks of Africa with nostalgia and favors Victoria's arguably traditional relationship with Martin.

Like Betty, Edward and Victoria are not fully capable of leaving the past behind. Edward is still uncomfortable about his sexuality, becoming embarrassed when Lin asks him about it, and both Edward and Victoria acknowledge the difficulty that will come from a separation between their mother and father. In some ways, in fact, Betty's age and naiveté make her less afraid of starting over in a more liberal setting. As Edward and Victoria resist fully committing to their new identities, Betty remarks, "I'm finding a little flat, that will be fun." This first scene marks the juxtaposition between old and new in which Churchill quickly introduces the problems of the transition from one to the other. She throws Betty, Edward, and Victoria into Lin's new London and forces them to deal with new sexual and political freedoms.

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