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Samuel Beckett

Key Facts

Important Quotations Explained

Study Questions and Essay Topics

full title ·  Endgame

author · Samuel Beckett

type of work · Drama

genre · Absurdist drama/comedy

language · Originally french; translated into English by Beckett

time and place written · Paris, mid-1950s

date of first production · London, April 3, 1957

publisher · Grove Press

narrator · No narrator; drama

climax · The climax occurs when Clov finally leaves

protagonist · Hamm; Clov

antagonist · At times Hamm; the environment; death

setting (time) · Modern day

setting (place) · A hole near the sea

point of view · The audience empathizes most with Clov, though we spend the most time with Hamm

falling action · Clov returns as Hamm soliloquizes

tense · Play; present tense

foreshadowing · Clov frequently threatens to leave, and Hamm often tells him to

tone · Absurdly comic, philosophical

themes · Cyclical, Repetitive Nature of Beginnings and Endings; Emptiness and Loneliness; Theatre of the Absurd

motifs · Chess

symbols · Light and darkness; Youth

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free and superior-quality notes

by Suman_Chakraborty, May 03, 2015

For free and superior-quality notes on English literature visit:

Wisdom : A Free Guide for English Literature Students

an error in character list

by shirin20, July 18, 2016

Hello. In the description related to Nell,it is written "Nell is Nagg's husband", isn't it "Nell is Nag's wife"?
Thank you