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Measuring the Economy 1

Problems

Consumer Price Index (CPI)

Further Reading

Problem : What does the CPI measure?

The CPI measures the cost of living based on the relative cost of a fixed based of goods and services consumed by a typical consumer in a country.

Problem :

Figure %: Goods and Services Consumed in Country C

Using the figure above, compute the CPI for Country C in year 1 using year 1 as the base year.

CPI = ($0.50 + $1) / ($0.50 + $1) = 100

Problem : Using figure 1, compute the CPI for Country C in year 2 using year 1 as the base year.

($1 + $2) / ($0.50 + $1) = 200

Problem : What is the percent increase in the price level in Country C from year 1 to year 2?

Percent increase in CPI = (CPI2 - CPI1)
CPI1 = [($0.50 + $1) / ($0.50 + $1)] X 100 = 100
CPI2 = [($1 + $2) / ($0.50 + $1)] X 100 = 200

Percent increase in CPI = (200 - 100) = 100%

Problem : What are 3 problems with CPI?

The 3 major problems with the CPI are its inability to deal with the substitution bias, the introduction of new items, and the changes in the quality of items over time.