1. Booker T. Washington
and W. E. B. Du Bois disagreed on the issue of racial equality in
2. Whose writings
and practices inspired Martin Luther King Jr. and other nonviolent
civil rights protesters?
3. Kennedy demonstrated
his support for the civil rights movement most clearly when he
4. All of the following
civil rights organizations employed nonviolent methods of protest except
5. Which earlier
decision did the Supreme Court’s 1954 Brown v.
Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas, decision reverse?
6. The Supreme Court
ruled in Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas,
7. During what event
did Martin Luther King Jr. first become a nationally prominent figure?
8. “Revolution is
bloody, revolution is hostile, revolution knows no compromise, revolution
overturns and destroys everything that gets in its way. And you,
sitting around here like a fly on the wall, saying, ‘I’m going to
love these folks no matter how much they hate me.’” The “you” in
this speech probably refers to
9. “In the process
of gaining our rightful place, we must not seek to satisfy our thirst
for freedom by drinking from the cup of bitterness and hatred.”
These words were most likely spoken by
10. “Whoever heard
of a revolution where [protesters] lock
arms . . . singing, ‘We Shall Overcome’? You don’t do that in
a revolution. You don’t do any singing—you’re too busy swinging.”
This speech was probably made by
11. Violence against
peaceful civil rights protesters in Selma, Alabama, prompted the
12. Which president
supported the civil rights movement
13. What did the
Voting Rights Act of 1965 do?
14. Malcolm X was
initially affiliated with the
15. What did Executive
Order 9981 do?
16. Lyndon B. Johnson
threw his support behind the civil rights movement so he could
17. During what event
did Martin Luther King Jr. deliver his famous “I have a dream” speech?
18. Blacks in Montgomery,
Alabama, boycotted public transportation for a year after
19. Who was the first
African American to serve on the Supreme Court?
20. In the early
twentieth century, civil rights activist Marcus Garvey pushed for
21. Jackie Robinson
made headlines in 1947 when
22. All of the following
statements accurately characterize the civil rights movement between 1940 and 1970 except
23. Which methods
did the NAACP primarily employ in order to achieve civil rights
24. The Civil Rights
Act of 1957
25. Eisenhower sent
federal troops to desegregate public high schools in Little Rock,
Arkansas, in 1957 mainly
26. Which organization
did Martin Luther King Jr. found?
27. What was President
Eisenhower’s response to the Brown v. Board of Education decision?
28. The Twenty-Fourth
29. What happened
during the Freedom Summer campaign of 1964?
30. In which city
did the most infamous and destructive race riots of the mid- to
31. The SNCC was
launched to organize more protests like
32. Although blacks
had been struggling for equality for more than a century, the push
for equality picked up momentum in the mid-twentieth century for
all of the following reasons except
33. Who assassinated
34. What did Stokely
35. The SNCC differed
from the SCLC in that
36. All of the following
were true of the Black Panthers except
37. Elijah Muhammad
and the Nation of Islam preached a philosophy most similar to that
38. What was the
main reason Lyndon B. Johnson promoted
39. What did the
Civil Rights Act of 1964 do?
40. The Civil Rights
Act of 1964 differed
from all previous pieces of civil rights legislation and Supreme
Court decisions in that it
41. Most modern historians
regard the civil rights movement of the mid-twentieth century as
a continuation of the longer struggle for racial equality that began
42. What was the
de facto motto of civil rights activists in the 1950s
43. Which best describes
President Kennedy’s attitude toward the civil rights movement?
44. Why did Malcolm
Little change his surname to “X”?
45. James Meredith
was the first African-American
46. What did Rosa
Parks protest in 1955?
47. The “black power”
movement was begun by disgruntled members of the
48. CORE was similar
to the SCLC in that both organizations
49. What was the
50. Martin Luther
King Jr. was