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The Civil War 1850–1865

History SparkNotes

Quiz

Study Questions & Essay Topics

Suggestions for Further Reading

1. What did the Wilmot Proviso do?

2. Why was the election of 1848 significant?

3. All of the following were components of the Compromise of 1850 except

4. All of the following steeled Northern public opinion against the South except

5. Where did Franklin Pierce and his Southern expansionist supporters acquire new territory?

6. Pierce’s administration is best described as

7. Why did the Kansas-Nebraska Act anger Americans in the North?

8. Who were the “border ruffians”?

9. Why did Stephen Douglas push the Kansas-Nebraska Act through Congress in 1854?

10. John Brown’s Pottawatomie Massacre

11. All of the following were consequences of the Kansas-Nebraska Act except

12. The 1857 Dred Scott v. Sanford decision prompted

13. Roger Taney declared the Missouri Compromise unconstitutional on the grounds that

14. What statement best describes President James Buchanan’s position?

15. All of the following were true about the election of 1860 except

16. What did Lincoln do in his first inaugural address?

17. In terms of structure, the Confederate government was similar in many ways to

18. What did John Brown’s raid on Harpers Ferry demonstrate?

19. What did Stephen Douglas’s Freeport Doctrine challenge?

20. Stephen Douglas rejected the Lecompton Constitution on the grounds that

21. What did champions of popular sovereignty believe?

22. What did Harriet Tubman and other Underground Railroad “conductors” defy?

23. Why were the Lincoln-Douglas debates significant in Lincoln’s political career?

24. The seizure of Fort Sumter

25. Why did Southern Democrats refuse to support Stephen Douglas in the election of 1860?

26. Britain and the Union almost went to war over

27. Which of the following was one reason the border states were so important to the Union?

28. Lincoln was different from Davis in that he

29. Which of the following states was not a border state?

30. What did the Legal Tender Act do?

31. Why was Britain not as dependent on Southern cotton as the Confederacy had believed?

32. The Richmond Bread Riots were the result of

33. What did the Emancipation Proclamation do?

34. William Tecumseh Sherman’s March to the Sea

35. The Union victory at Antietam was significant because

36. The Battles of Gettysburg and Vicksburg

37. Which of the following actions by Lincoln violated the Constitution?

38. Why did Lincoln suspend the writ of habeas corpus?

39. The National Banking Act

40. What did George McClellan and other Peace Democrats want?

41. Why did Jefferson Davis request the Hampton Roads Conference with the North?

42. All of the following were Confederate strengths going into the Civil War except

43. Toward the end of the war, many poorer whites in the South felt

44. All of the following were Northern strengths going into the war except

45. The Confederacy collapsed at the end of the war for all of the following reasons except

46. Lincoln’s primary objective during the war was

47. What did Harriet Beecher Stowe’s novel Uncle Tom’s Cabin do?

48. The First Battle of Bull Run

49. The Battle of Shiloh

50. Who won the presidential election of 1864?

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