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The Great Depression (1920–1940)

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Study Questions & Essay Topics

Suggestions for Further Reading

1. All of the following were causes of the Great Depression except

2. The “Bonus Army” marched on Washington, D.C., to pressure Congress to

3. How did Herbert Hoover believe that the economy could be revived?

4. Why did topsoil turn to a fine layer of infertile dust in the Dust Bowl region of the United States?

5. Franklin Delano Roosevelt won a landslide victory in 1932 because Americans

6. The Ku Klux Klan of the 1920s was not different from the Klan of the nineteenth century in that

7. What prompted the 19191920 Red Scare in the United States?

8. The Eighteenth Amendment

9. In which U.S. election were women first allowed to vote?

10. The Emergency Quota Act severely reduced immigration from

11. What did the Immigration Act of 1924 do?

12. The Scopes Monkey Trial illustrated the heated debate between

13. What caused the so-called Roosevelt Recession of 1937?

14. What did the 1939 Hatch Act do?

15. The Five-Power Naval Treaty of 1922 reflected

16. The Dawes Plan

17. Henry Ford changed industrial America by perfecting a method of

18. Why did more and more Americans move out of the cities and into the suburbs in the 1920s?

19. Warren G. Harding’s administration and personal reputation were tainted by

20. The Twenty-First Amendment

21. What did the Fordney-McCumber Tariff do?

22. The tax on foreign goods under the Smoot-Hawley Tariff of 1930

23. Attacks from critics such as Huey P. Long and Father Charles Coughlin were partly responsible for

24. To which act was the Wagner Act most similar?

25. One unintended consequence of Prohibition was

26. What did Hoover’s Reconstruction Finance Corporation do?

27. The Indian Reorganization Act of 1934 replaced

28. The election of 1936

29. What did the Fair Labor Standards Act do?

30. The Soil Conservation and Domestic Allotment Act subsidized farmers to

31. Economist John Maynard Keynes believed that depressed economies could be jump-started by

32. Most New Deal legislation in the First Hundred Days was passed to

33. Hoover’s attempts to end the depression differed from Roosevelt’s methods in that

34. How did the New Deal assist farmers?

35. All of the following were consequences of the Tennessee Valley Authority except

36. Congress passed or created all of the following in 1933 as part of the First New Deal except

37. The CCC, the PWA, the CWA, and the WPA all were similar in that they all were

38. Roosevelt reformed the banking and financial sectors of the economy in all of the following ways except

39. Why did many Americans criticize the Agricultural Adjustment Administration?

40. Buying stocks “on margin” refers to the practice of

41. What did the Glass-Steagall Act do?

42. The Sacco-Vanzetti trial demonstrated

43. All of the following contributed to the demise of the New Deal except

44. What did Roosevelt’s “fireside chats” do?

45. All of the following were components of the Second New Deal except

46. The so-called Lost Generation authors of the 1920s

47. Americans’ antiwar sentiments in the 1920s were reflected in

48. What was an effect of the Roosevelt Recession?

49. In the Four-Power Treaty of 1922, France, Britain, and the United States agreed

50. Franklin Delano Roosevelt was related to previous president

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