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The Gilded Age & the Progressive Era (1877–1917)

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Study Questions & Essay Topics

Suggestions for Further Reading

1. Congress passed the Pendleton Act after

2. How did the Civil Service Commission eliminate the spoils system?

3. Coxey’s Army marched on Washington, D.C., in the hopes of winning

4. Populists campaigned for all of the following except

5. The Pullman Strike of 1894

6. Some big businessmen such as Andrew Carnegie vertically integrated their corporations by

7. John D. Rockefeller of Standard Oil practiced horizontal integration by

8. What act of Congress was prompted by the Supreme Court’s ruling in the 1886 Wabash case?

9. Why was the Sherman Anti-Trust act significant?

10. The western frontier at the end of the nineteenth century was most transformed by

11. The National Labor Union and the Knights of Labor were similar in that both represented

12. Membership in the Knights of Labor dwindled after

13. The American Federation of Labor differed from the Knights of Labor in that

14. From what region did most new immigrants in the United States come at the end of the nineteenth century?

15. Booker T. Washington and W. E. B. Du Bois disagreed on the issue of racial equality in that

16. Congress passed the Dawes Severalty Act in 1887 in order to

17. Upton Sinclair’s novel The Jungle prompted Congress to pass the

18. What did historian Frederick Jackson Turner argue in 1893?

19. Why was President Garfield assassinated?

20. The Pendleton Act was passed to

21. The McKinley Tariff raised the tariff rate to about

22. Why was the Republican Party politically weak throughout the Gilded Age?

23. The Depression of 1893 depleted the U.S. Treasury so much that the federal government had to

24. Tycoon Cornelius Vanderbilt transformed the railroad industry completely by

25. In which case did the Supreme Court rule that only the federal government could regulate interstate trade?

26. Which tycoon made steel into one of the nation’s biggest industries?

27. Many middle-class Americans disliked labor unions in the late nineteenth century because

28. Why did membership in the National Labor Union fade in the mid-1870s?

29. The Sherman Anti-Trust Act was most often used to prosecute

30. In which case did the Supreme Court legalize “separate but equal” public facilities for whites and blacks?

31. Social Darwinists believed that

32. Many farmers in the Midwest hated the railroad companies because they

33. The Populist movement was born out of the

34. Cleveland’s second presidential term was plagued by all of the following crises except

35. Which of the following men delivered the famous “Cross of Gold” speech?

36. The Populists’ dream of free silver ended when Congress and McKinley passed

37. What was the primary reason Benjamin Harrison lost the election of 1892?

38. Members of the Ghost Dance Movement sought to

39. Roosevelt’s Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine effectively stipulated that

40. All of the following inventions transformed American life in the late 1800s except

41. What was the main reason Woodrow Wilson won the election of 1912?

42. With which Native American tribes did the United States fight wars?

43. Which of the following affected African Americans most directly?

44. Farmers were represented by all of the following except

45. Roosevelt announced his Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine out of fear that

46. Whom did Jane Addams’s Hull House strive to help?

47. As the head of which institution did Booker T. Washington push for improved education for blacks?

48. John Hay’s Open Door Notes requested that Japan and Europe

49. Taft alienated progressive Republicans and voters by supporting the

50. Theodore Roosevelt’s Square Deal domestic agenda called for

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