408-450: Rule of Theodosius II in the East
·Disappaerance of Rome in the West, growing Hun penetration south
451: Council of Chalcedon, Marcian's rule
·Church council declaring Monophysitism to be heresy, Marcian's
rejection of Hun tribute demands.
474-491: Zeno's rule
·Ostrogoths raid Byzantium, then sent west by Zeno;
internal palace intrigues and civil unrest.
·Odovacar deposes last Roman Emperor, rules in his
·Theodoric the Ostrogoth arrives in Italy, eliminates
491: Anastasia Emperor in East
·Schism with Rome develops due to his Monophysitism; beginning
of Bulgar raids and Blues and Greens unrest.
506: Clovis' conversion
·Franks become Catholic, defeat Arain Visigoths at
Battle of Vouille
532: Nika riots
·After capital city insurrection, Emperor Justinian
sends forces to conquer North Africa (533) and Italy (535-52) as
well as southern tip of Spain (550).
·Plague affecting all urban areas of Mediterranean
·Lombard conquest of Italy
590-604: Pontificate of Gregory the Great
·Consolidation of Papal Estates, provision of government
to Rome, truces with Lombards, defenses against Lombards
·Catholic missions in England, Dagobert I in Francia;
Heraclius' victory over Sassanians and loss of Middle East to Muslims; Sassanian
loss to Muslims at Qadisiyya
·Collpase of Sassanian state and its Islamic conquest
656-661: Caliphate of Ali
·Civil conflict in Islamic state between Ali and Ummayads founder
663: Whitby Synod
·Roman rite as rite for English churches; decision
that it is legitimate to proselytize on the continent for Catholic
·First Muslim siege of Constantinople
687: Battle of Tertry
·Pepin II's victory over Neustrian mayor; establishment
of his family's dominance in Francia.
·Islamic invasion of Iberia
715-720: Second Muslim siege of Constantinople;
· Charles Martel's control over Austrasia and Neustria
732: Battle of Tours
·Charles Martel defeats Spanish Muslim forces at Poitiers
in southern France
·Joint Pepin-Carloman rule; Aistulf Lombard king in
Italy; transfer of power from Ummayads to Abbasids
756: Ummayad Emirate in Spain
·Last living Ummayad family member, Abd al-Rahman,
escapes to Spain, founds state in Cordoba.
768-814: Charlemagne's rule
·Conquest of Saxons, setting up of border marches,
conquest of Lombard Italy, imperial coronation, first Viking raids
814-840: Louis the Pious
·Internal conflict in Carolingian state, beginnings
of Arab seaborne raids in Mediterranean and conquest of Sicily, increased
·Viking, Magyar, and Muslim raids
·Vikings begin wintering at mouth of Loire, Seine
· Viking siege of Paris
911: Charles the Simple's agreement with Rollo;
East Frankish Carolingians extinct
·Charles allows Rollo to legally possess lands at mouth
of Seine, Normans evolve; Conrad of Franconia chosen to replace Frankish
Alfred the Great (r. 871-899) of Wessex
·Restricts Vikings to Danelaw, strengthens Wessex Defenses.
·Rule of Abd al-Rahman III in Spain
·Henry the Fowler in Germany, re-annexes Lorriane
Aethelstan (r. 925-939)
·Conquers the Danelaw.
Otto I (r. 936-973)
·Defeats rebellious counts, defeats Magyars (95), establishes Saxon
control in Italy.
·Battle of the Lech
960: Hugh Capet as Duke of Franks
·Chosen by French counts because they wanted a weak