Napoleonic Europe (1799-1815)
1784: Herder publishes Ideas on the History of the Philosophy of Mankind
November 9, 1799: Napoleon and Sieyes overthrow the Directory, form the Consulate, with Napoleon as First Consulate
1799: Second Coalition formed
June 1800: battle of Marengo (France v. Austrians)-French win handily.
1801: Concordat (France and Rome)
February 1801: Treaty of Luneville ends Second Coalition
1802: Napoleon elected "Consul for Life"
March 1802: Peace of Amiens with Britain
1803: Louisiana Purchase
May 1804: Napoleon changes title from "Consul" to "Emperor"
August 1804: Francis II makes himself "Emperor of Austria"
1805: Third Coalition (Britain, Austria, Russia)
October 21, 1805: Trafalgar
December 2, 1805: battle of Austerlitz
1806: Berlin Decree (begins Continental System)
1806: Holy Roman Empire replaced by Confederacy of the Rhine
October 1806: Prussia badly wounded at Jena and Auerstadt
1807: Napoleon, aided by Spain, invades Portugal
1807: Baron Stein "abolished" serfdom
June 14, 1807: Russians defeated at Friedland
July 1807: Treaty of Tilsit
1808: J.G. Fichte gives Address to the German Nation in Berlin
1808: Stein exiled from Prussia at Napoleon's command
1808: Joseph Bonaparte, Napoleon's brother, becomes King of Spain
September 1808: Napoleon's allies meet at Erfurt, Saxony
April 1809: Austria proclaims War of Liberation
July 1809: Napoleon defeats Austria at the battle of Wagram
1810: Hardenberg becomes Prussian chancellor
1810: Napoleon marries Marie Louise, divorces Josephine
December 31, 1810: Russia withdraws from Continental System
1811: Marie Louise gives birth to an heir
1812: War of 1812 (US-Britain)
June 1812: Napoleon enters Russia with the Grand Army
September 14, 1812: Napoleon enters Moscow
December 1812: Napoleon rushes back to Paris
June 1813: Wellington threatens France from Spain
October 1813: Napoleon loses at battle of Leipzig
November 1813: Metternich makes "Frankfurt Proposals" to leave Napoleon in power.
January 1814: Castlereagh goes to Europe to negotiate
March 9, 1814: Treaty of Chaumont
April 4, 1814: Treaty of Fontainebleau. Napoleon abdicates.
May 30, 1814: (1st) Treaty of Paris (France reverts to 1792 borders)
September 1814: Congress of Vienna begins
January 3, 1815: Metternich, Castlereigh, Talleyrand sign secret pact to combat Russia and Prussia over the Polish-Saxon Question
March 1, 1815: Napoleon escapes from Elba, returns to France.
June 18, 1815: Napoleon defeated for final time at Waterloo