full title · 1984
author · George Orwell
type of work · Novel
genre · Negative utopian, or dystopian, fiction
language · English
time and place written · England, 1949
date of first publication · 1949
publisher · Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, Inc.
narrator · Third-person, limited
climax · Winston’s torture with the cage of rats in Room 101
protagonist · Winston Smith
antagonist · The Party; Big Brother
setting (time) · 1984
setting (place) · London, England (known as “Airstrip One” in the novel’s alternate reality)
point of view · Winston Smith’s
falling action · Winston’s time in the café following his release from prison, including the memory of his meeting with Julia at the end of Book Three
tense · Past
foreshadowing · Winston’s dreams (making love to Julia in the forest, meeting O’Brien in the “place where there is no darkness”); the St. Clement’s Church song (“Here comes a chopper to chop off your head!”)
tone · Dark, frustrated, pessimistic
themes · The psychological, technological, physical, and social dangers of totalitarianism and political authority; the importance of language in shaping human thought
motifs · Urban decay (London is falling apart under the Party’s leadership); the idea of doublethink (the ability to hold two contradictory ideas in one’s mind at the same time and believe them both to be true)
symbols · The glass paperweight (Winston’s desire to connect with the past); the red-armed prole woman (the hope that the proles will ultimately rise up against the Party); the picture of St. Clement’s Church (the past); the telescreens and the posters of Big Brother (the Party’s constant surveillance of its subjects); the phrase “the place where there is no darkness” (Winston’s tendency to mask his fatalism with false hope, as the place where there is no darkness turns out to be not a paradise but a prison cell)
This is my favourite thing ever
33 out of 93 people found this helpful
Not really; Hamlet died at the end.
31 out of 145 people found this helpful
I guess it's a really hardline totalitarian society, as opposed to the soft 'liberalism' of Brave New World.
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