full title · Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland
author · Lewis Carroll
type of work · Novella
genre · Fairy tale; children’s fiction; satire; allegory
language · English
time and place written · 1862–1863, Oxford
date of first publication · 1865
publisher · Macmillan & Co.
narrator · The narrator is anonymous and does not use many words to describe events in the story.
point of view · The narrator speaks in third person, though occasionally in first and second person. The narrative follows Alice around on her travels, voicing her thoughts and feelings.
tone · Straightforward; avuncular
tense · Past
setting (time) · Victorian era, circa publication date
setting (place) · England, Wonderland
protagonist · Alice
major conflict · Alice attempts to come to terms with the puzzle of Wonderland as she undergoes great individual changes while entrenched in Wonderland.
rising action · Alice follows the White Rabbit down a well and pursues him through Wonderland.
climax · Alice gains control over her size and enters the garden, where she participates in the trial of the Knave of Hearts.
falling action · Alice realizes that Wonderland is a sham and knocks over the playing card court, causing her to wake up and dispel the dream of Wonderland.
themes · The tragic and inevitable loss of childhood innocence; Life as a meaningless puzzle; Death as a constant and underlying menace
motifs · Dream; subversion; language; “curious,” “nonsense,” and “confusing”
symbols · The garden; the mushroom
foreshadowing · The Mouse’s history about Fury and the Mouse foreshadows the trial at the end of the story.