Search Menu

Black Boy

Richard Wright


Key Facts

Key Facts

full title  ·  Black Boy (American Hunger): A Record of Childhood and Youth

author  · Richard Wright

type of work  · Autobiographical novel

genre  · Bildungsroman (coming-of age-novel); modernist novel; existential novel

language  · English

time and place written  ·  19431944; New York City

date of first publication  ·  1945

publisher  · Harper & Brothers

narrator  ·  Black Boy is narrated by the author, Richard Wright, and tells the story of his life from early childhood to about age twenty-nine.

point of view  · As the text is written as a stylized memoir, the narrator always speaks in the first person. Although he occasionally speculates as to what another character thinks or feels, those speculations are always conditioned by the fact that the narrator is a real historical figure with limited knowledge.

tone  · Confessional, ironic, philosophical

tense  · Past

setting (time)  · Roughly 19121937

setting (place)  · Primarily Jackson, Mississippi; West Helena and Elaine, Arkansas; Memphis, Tennessee; and Chicago, Illinois, with detours to rural areas in the Deep South and to New York City

protagonist  · Richard Wright, the author and narrator

major conflict  · Richard demonstrates inborn individualism and intelligence, traits that can only cause problems for a black man in the Jim Crow South; he struggles with blacks and whites alike for acceptance and humane treatment; he struggles with his own stubborn nature.

rising action  · Ella (the schoolteacher) tells Richard the story of Bluebeard and His Seven Wives; Richard writes his story “The Voodoo of Hell’s Half-Acre”; Richard graduates from public school and enters the workforce only to be terrorized by the actions of racist whites.

climax  · Richard reads H. L. Mencken’s A Book of Prefaces and becomes obsessed with reading and writing; Richard permanently flees the South; he makes his way to Chicago, where he can live a more dignified life and more fully exercise his ambition to become a writer.

falling action  · Richard comes to understand the psychic pain of growing up black in America and realizes his duty to record his experiences and his environment through writing; he enters the Communist Party and W.P.A. programs, coming into contact with serious writers and outlets for writing about his ideals; he is ousted from the Party but comes to a new vision of himself as an artist

themes  · The insidious effects of racism; the individual versus society; the redemptive power of art

motifs  · Hunger; reading; violence

symbols  · Ella’s infirmity; the Memphis optical shop

foreshadowing  · Perhaps the sharpest foreshadowing in the novel is the activity of Comrade Young in the Communist Party. The fact that a madman participates in the workings of the Party without being detected suggests that the Party is fallible. Another example is Richard’s relationship with his family, a relationship that foreshadows how his personality will conflict with white authority.

More Help

Previous Next
black boy

by RavenD05, September 30, 2013

My summer reading book


1 out of 8 people found this helpful

Here is one of the best

by bigsparknoterman, June 19, 2017

Here is one of the best essay writing services in the web

essay help

by LeonMcMillen, July 31, 2017

Essay writing was never my forte as English isn’t my first language but because I was good at math so they put me into Honors English. I really couldn’t be assed with reading King Lear and then writing a 5,000 word paper on it so I looked up essay services and

was the first link to come up. I was kind of shocked with the quality of the paper they gave me. I received a very articulate and well-written piece of writing for like $20. Recommended it to a bunch of my foreign friends and now they use it too.