full title · Brave New World
author · Aldous Huxley
type of work · Novel
genre · Dystopia
language · English
time and place written · 1931, England
date of first publication · 1932
publisher · Chatto and Windus, London
narrator · Third-person omniscient; the narrator frequently makes passages of “objective” description sound like the speech or thought patterns of a particular character, using a technique usually called “free indirect quotation.”
climax · John incites a riot in the hospital in Chapter 15.
protagonists · Bernard Marx, Helmholtz Watson, and John
antagonist · Mustapha Mond
settings (time) · 2540 a.d.; referred to in the novel as 632 years “After Ford,” meaning 632 years after the production of the first Model T car.
settings (place) · England, Savage Reservation in New Mexico
point of view · Narrated in the third person, primarily from the point of view of Bernard or John but also from the point of view of Lenina, Helmholtz Watson, and Mustapha Mond.
falling action · Chapter 18, in which John isolates himself in a lighthouse and punishes himself; it ends with an orgy and his suicide.
tense · Past
foreshadowing · Foreshadowing does not play a significant role in the narrative.
tone · Satirical, ironic, silly, tragic, juvenile, pedantic
themes · The use of technology to control society, the incompatibility of happiness and truth, the dangers of an all-powerful state
motifs · Alienation, sex, Shakespeare
symbols · The drug soma is a symbol of the use of instant gratification to control the World State’s populace. It is also a symbol of the powerful influence of science and technology on society.
Replacing the concept of a belief-based, non-verifiable being with Ford, a man who existed, eliminates all the wonder and mystery related to traditional religions.
Also eliminating all other belief systems with a single, inarguable "godhead" rids the World State citizens of anxiety and conflicts based on religious beliefs and orthodoxies.
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