The protagonist and narrator of the novel, Holden
is a sixteen-year-old junior who has just been expelled for academic
failure from a school called Pencey Prep. Although he is intelligent
and sensitive, Holden narrates in a cynical and jaded voice. He
finds the hypocrisy and ugliness of the world around him almost
unbearable, and through his cynicism he tries to protect himself
from the pain and disappointment of the adult world. However, the
criticisms that Holden aims at people around him are also aimed
at himself. He is uncomfortable with his own weaknesses, and at times
displays as much phoniness, meanness, and superficiality as anyone
else in the book. As the novel opens, Holden stands poised on the
cliff separating childhood from adulthood. His inability to successfully negotiate
the chasm leaves him on the verge of emotional collapse.
in-depth analysis of Holden Caulfield.
next-door neighbor in his dorm at Pencey Prep. Ackley is a pimply,
insecure boy with terrible dental hygiene. He often barges into
Holden’s room and acts completely oblivious to Holden’s hints that
he should leave. Holden believes that Ackley makes up elaborate
lies about his sexual experience.
roommate at Pencey Prep. Stradlater is handsome, self-satisfied,
and popular, but Holden calls him a “secret slob,” because he appears
well groomed, but his toiletries, such as his razor, are disgustingly unclean.
Stradlater is sexually active and quite experienced for a prep school
student, which is why Holden also calls him a “sexy bastard.”
A girl with whom Holden spent a lot of time one summer,
when their families stayed in neighboring summer houses in Maine.
Jane never actually appears in The Catcher in the Rye,
she is extremely important to Holden, because she is one of the
few girls whom he both respects and finds attractive.
Phoebe is Holden’s ten-year-old sister, whom he loves
dearly. Although she is six years younger than Holden, she listens
to what he says and understands him more than most other people
do. Phoebe is intelligent, neat, and a wonderful dancer, and her childish
innocence is one of Holden’s only consistent sources of happiness
throughout the novel. At times, she exhibits great maturity and
even chastises Holden for his immaturity. Like Mr. Antolini, Phoebe
seems to recognize that Holden is his own worst enemy.
in-depth analysis of Phoebe Caulfield.
Holden’s younger brother. Allie dies of leukemia three
years before the start of the novel. Allie was a brilliant, friendly,
red-headed boy—according to Holden, he was the smartest of the Caulfields.
Holden is tormented by Allie’s death and carries around a baseball
glove on which Allie used to write poems in green ink.
D. B. Caulfield
Holden’s older brother. D. B. wrote a volume of short
stories that Holden admires very much, but Holden feels that D.
B. prostitutes his talents by writing for Hollywood movies.
very attractive girl whom Holden has known and dated for a long
time. Though Sally is well read, Holden claims that she is “stupid,”
although it is difficult to tell whether this judgment is based
in reality or merely in Holden’s ambivalence about being sexually
attracted to her. She is certainly more conventional than Holden
in her tastes and manners.
history teacher at Pencey Prep, who unsuccessfully tries to shake
Holden out of his academic apathy.
student at Columbia who was Holden’s student advisor at the Whooton
School. Luce is three years older than Holden and has a great deal
of sexual experience. At Whooton, he was a source of knowledge about
sex for the younger boys, and Holden tries to get him to talk about
sex at their meeting.
former English teacher at the Elkton Hills School. Mr. Antolini
now teaches at New York University. He is young, clever, sympathetic,
and likable, and Holden respects him. Holden sometimes finds him
a bit too clever, but he looks to him for guidance. Like many characters
in the novel, he
in-depth analysis of Mr. Antolini.
elevator operator at the Edmont Hotel, who procures a prostitute
prostitute whom Holden hires through Maurice. She is one of a number
of women in the book with whom Holden clumsily attempts to connect.