full title · Crime and Punishment
author · Fyodor Dostoevsky
type of work · Novel
genre · Psychological drama
language · Russian
time and place written · 1865–1866, St. Petersburg, Russia
date of first publication · 1866; appeared serially in The Russian Messenger before being published in book form in 1867
publisher · The serial edition was published by the editor of The Russian Messenger, Mikhail Katkov; the two-volume book version was published by Bazanov.
narrator · Third-person omniscient
climax · Raskolnikov’s confession in Part VI, Chapter VIII
protagonist · Raskolnikov
antagonists · Luzhin, Porfiry Petrovich, Svidrigailov, Raskolnikov’s conscience
settings (time) · 1860s
settings (place) · St. Petersburg and a prison in Siberia
point of view · The story is told primarily from the point of view of Raskolnikov but occasionally switches to the perspective of Svidrigailov, Razumikhin, and Dunya.
falling action · The Epilogue, in which Raskolnikov, imprisoned in Siberia, discovers that he loves Sonya
tense · Past
foreshadowing · In Part I, Chapter I, when Raskolnikov rehearses the murder of the pawnbroker; throughout the rest of the novel, whenever Raskolnikov considers confessing
tones · Tragic, emotional, melodramatic, critical, despairing, fatalistic, confessional
themes · Alienation from society, the psychology of crime and punishment, religious redemption, the importance of family, nihilism, the “superman”
motifs · Poverty
symbols · The city as a symbol of Raskolnikov’s internal state; the cross as a symbol of religious redemption
When Raskolnikov decides not to let his sister's marriage happen, he takes on the role of a typical big brother. He thinks no one is good for his sister, in addition to feeling that she is doing it for him. He is egocentric and his reaction really mirrors what any big brother would do who does not want his baby sister to marry an idiot.
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When Raskolnikov (Rask) gets his mother's letter, she explains that her pension is small but may be just enough to help out her son. Next, she tells him that his sister, Dounia, is getting married to a slightly arrogant business man, Pyotr.
Rask despises what's happening to his family. He doesn't take a "big brother" stance, but is simply angry that Pyotr is using the family's poverty to get a "legal concubine". Raskhas a large amount of pride in himself seeing that he won't accept any of Pulcheria's pension and later gives money... Read more→
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(Starting from Part 1, Page 12 of the last paragraph)
- Marmeladov's Monologue is a very important part of the story, simply because it helps set the pace for the rest of the story.
Raskolnikov had just come into a bar, regardless of how crowded it was, and the first person to talk to him is this drunk, strange man, named Marmeladov and he's the first person he's actually wanted to talk with in a long time. A drunkard is known to speak his mind and he began to give this long monologue about how he resembles a beast, how he 'lus... Read more→
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