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Ender's Game

Orson Scott Card


Key Facts

Key Facts

full title ·  Ender's Game

author · Orson Scott Card

type of work · Novel

genre · Science fiction

language · English

time and place written · Begun in 1975 in Salt Lake City, Utah, the story was published in 1977 as a short story and completed in novel form in 1985.

date of first publication · 1977 (as a short story); 1985 (as a book)

publisher · Tom Doherty

narrator · Omniscient narrator

climax · The climax of the novel occurs when Ender fights what he thinks is his final test in Command School but what is actually the last battle of the Third Invasion.

protagonist · Ender Wiggin

antagonist · Mostly Peter Wiggin, but also the adults in the book

setting (time) · The future

setting (place) · The book starts on earth, and quickly moves into space, although earth plays a prominent role until the end.

point of view · Most of the book is presented from Ender's point of view, although we are occasionally allowed inside the head of a few other characters.

falling action · Ender finds the landscape that the buggers created for him and follows it to the message they left him—the last remaining bugger queen, still a mere pupa.

tense · Immediate past

foreshadowing · Each chapter starts with a conversation between two adults, usually members of the I.F. high command, and their discussion foreshadows the events of the chapter.

tone · The tone is increasingly urgent as the book progresses.

symbols · Ender as good; Peter as evil

themes · Games; the role of children; compassion; ruthlessness

motifs · Friend/enemy; humanity

More Help

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Ender Vs. Peter Motivation

by ICanReadMusicToo, June 03, 2013

I think the foil of the brothers' motivations can be simplified like this:

Ender is always doing the wrong thing for the right reasons:
Ender always wants to do no harm, but is often forced to harm/destroy by situations beyond his control. He does his best to do things in the most moral way, and for only the most moral purposes, but that's not always as possible as he would like.

Peter does the right thing for the wrong reasons:
Peter simply wants to do whatever is the easiest/most beneficial for himself, and is in... Read more


367 out of 396 people found this helpful


by GrammarJunkie18, July 12, 2013

Some theories: Can Peter, Ender, and Valentine represent the id, the ego, and the superego? Seems likely to me. Also, what is the significance of all the names in the novel? Note that Peter, Andrew, and Valentine are saints. What did they do? I guess Valentine is something love-related, and Peter is the bad apostle, right? Also, who were Locke and Demosthenes historically? I know that John Locke was an English philosopher in the 1600s, and Demosthenes was a Greek philosopher, right? And Eros, the name of the planet - what's the significance ... Read more


72 out of 91 people found this helpful


by Cillaejobbigjustnu, October 16, 2013

The teachers doesn't show any compassion to the pupils of the battle school. Althought we (me and my ego's) think that they have more compassion and care alot more of the children than they show through. We think that it is to make strong soldiers and that they don't want them to be weak and want to go home etc.

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