Ibsen, Henrik. Four Major Plays. Rick Davis and Brian Johnston, trans. Lyme, NH: Smith and Kraus, 1995.
Ibsen: A Collection of Critical Essays. Rolf Fjelde, ed. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, Inc., 1965.
Northram, John. Ibsen: A Critical Study. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1973.
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