Black, Jeremy, and Anthony Green. Gods, Demons and Symbols of Ancient Mesopotamia: An Illustrated Dictionary. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1992.
Dalley, Stephanie. Myths from Mesopotamia: Creation, the Flood, Gilgamesh, and Others. New York: Oxford University Press, 1998.
Heidel, Alexander. The Gilgamesh Epic and Old Testament Parallels. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1972.
Maier, John. Gilgamesh: A Reader. Wauconda, Illinois: Bolchazy-Carducci, 2001.
Tigay, Jeffrey H. The Evolution of the Gilgamesh Epic. 1982 . Reprint, Wauconda, Illinois: Bolchazy-Carducci, 2002.
Ferry, David, trans. Gilgamesh: A New Rendering in English Verse. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 1992.
Foster, Benjamin R., ed. The Epic of Gilgamesh: A Norton Critical Edition. New York: W. W. Norton, 2001.
Gardner, John, and John Maier, eds. Gilgamesh. New York: Vintage Books, 1985.
George, Andrew, ed. The Epic of Gilgamesh: The Babylonian Epic Poem and Other Texts in Akkadian and Sumerian. New York: Penguin Classics, 2000.
mitchell, stephen, ed. Gilgamesh: A New English Version. New York: Free Press, 2004.
Sandars, N. K., ed. The Epic of Gilgamesh. New York: Penguin Classics, 1972.
Very nice article, although it should be noted that the Jacobsen 1949 translation of Siduri's Advice is far more popular:
"Gilgamesh, whither are you wandering? Life, which you look for, you will never find. For when the gods created man, they let death be his share, and life withheld in their own hands. Gilgamesh, fill your belly. Day and night make merry. Let days be full of joy, dance and make music day and night. And wear fresh clothes. And wash your head and bathe. Look at the child that is holding your hand, and let your wife del... Read more→
83 out of 98 people found this helpful
"In that time, people considered women and sex calming forces that could domesticate wild men like Enkidu and bring them into the civilized world."
--Does this really need to be explained? And what do you mean, "in that time"? This is a universal human constant.
Shamhat isn't a prostitute as much as a priestess. Historically, priestesses jobs in temples were to act as sort of surrogates for the gods and performed rituals through sex. Stephen Mitchell states they were almost reverse-nuns, in his version of the book.
1 out of 1 people found this helpful