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In Our Time

Ernest Hemingway

Chapter XII

Big Two-Hearted River: Part II

Out of Season

Summary

Close up, you can see Villalta make a face at the bull and curse it. When the bull would charge, he would swing solidly back. The crowd would roar. When he started to kill it, he and the bull would stare at each other. Then, they would charge at each other. For a minute, they would seem to join and become one entity. Then, Villalta would emerge, standing, as the bull bled and stared at Villalta.

Commentary

The heroism of bullfighting is extreme, just like in war. Villalta is almost a mythic creature. He and the bull can join together as one because they are so much of the same mind. The two are both out for blood in a violent, masculine way. Even though the bull and Villalta are enemies, they understand each other well because they are both so masculine. According to Hemingway, a man and a woman cannot meld into each other (as seen in previous stories), but two masculine creatures can, even when they are enemies.

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On the Quai at Smyrna

by bhnnad, December 04, 2012

Sparknotes' commentary for On the Quai at Smyrna seems to have quite a few historical errors. The commentary states that the narrator is likely talking about the Greek evacuation of Thrace, but the title is On the Quai at Smyrna. Smyrna is a city in modern-day Turkey (now called Izmir). The Christian (mainly Greek and Armenian) part of Smyrna was burned in 1922 after the Turks recaptured the city from the Greeks. Hemingway was actually in Turkey just after the Great Fire to cover the Greco-Turkish War as a correspondent for the Toronto Star.... Read more

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