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Les Misérables

Victor Hugo

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How to Cite This SparkNote

Bloom, Harold, ed. Victor Hugo. New York: Chelsea House Publishers, 1988.

Brombert, Victor H. Victor Hugo and the Visionary Novel. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 1984.

Collingham, H. A. C. The July Monarchy: A Political History of France, 1830–1848. New York: Longman, 1988.

Grossman, Kathryn M. les Misérables: Conversion, Revolution, Redemption. NewYork: Twayne Publishers, 1996.

Grossman, Kathryn M. Figuring Transcendence in Les Misérables: Hugo’s Romantic Sublime. Carbondale, Illinois: Southern Illinois University Press, 1994.

Haine, W. Scott. The History of France. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press, 2000.

Porter, Laurence M. Victor Hugo. New York: Twayne Publishers, 1999.

Robb, Graham. Victor Hugo. New York: W. W. Norton, 1998.

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gavroche

by kiiiiid, January 30, 2013

and gavroche dies and the rest of france build a barricade and end the french revolution

2 Comments

15 out of 68 people found this helpful

Les Miserables Analysis

by Adi31415, March 28, 2013

Les Miserables is based around the turning point in French history, and it explores the nature of this change in terms of society, and uses this as a basis for explaining the revolution. It explains how the ‘miserables’, or ‘victims’, damned into a life of thievery and being the scum of the Earth aren’t inherently bad. The society which has not given them a chance forces them to be bad, or do bad things. Instead of understanding their inner goodness and their plight to change their ways, or giving them some kindness or hope, they a... Read more

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274 out of 290 people found this helpful

Correction to Note 1 in Study Section

by IleneRM, October 24, 2013

It says: "Fantine falls in love with Tholomyès, a debonair upper-class student who obeys upper-class social customs and leaves Fantine even though she is pregnant with his child." This is wrong. Fantine was not pregnant. Ten months after the affair ended, Cosette was almost 3 years old; therefore she was already born when he left Fantine.

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3 out of 4 people found this helpful

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