Catalina de Erauso
The narrator of the memoir that covers twenty-six years of her life.
Catalina escapes a convent at the age of fifteen and lives her life as a man,
joining the army and inciting violence both on and off the battlefield. Although
Catalina does not exhibit significant emotional growth during this time, she is
weighed down by the secret that she keeps—that of her biological gender—and much
of the focus of her memoir is the price she pays to keep this secret. Catalina
also explores her conflicting feelings about the church and God, as well as her
intense patriotism toward her native country, Spain.
in-depth analysis of Catalina de Erauso.
Captain don Miguel de Erauso
Catalina’s father, a native-born resident of San Sebastian, Spain.
Captain de Erauso is genuinely anguished by Catalina’s flight from the convent
and resolutely searches for her, even going to the king’s secretary for
assistance. He does not recognize Catalina when he sees her dressed as a page,
but expresses great concern for her.
María Pérez de Galarraga y Arce
Catalina’s mother, sister to the prioress of the convent that
Catalina is placed in at the age of four. María does not recognize Catalina when
she sees her, now age fifteen and dressed as a man, at mass.
Captain Miguel de Erauso
Catalina’s brother, the secretary to Governor Alonso de Ribera.
Miguel cares about his family deeply, although he does not recognize Catalina
when she joins his company. He is a loyal Basque, expressing great concern for
Catalina merely because of her Basque hometown, and exhibits great enthusiasm
and depth of feeling during his short appearance in Catalina’s memoir.
Eventually, Catalina unknowingly kills him during a duel. Catalina’s
relationship with him is the closest relationship in her life.
Agustín de Carvajal (“The Bishop”)
The Augustine friar who served as bishop of Guamanga from 1612 until
his death in 1620. The bishop risks his life to help Catalina escape the
constables in Guamanga, and he is one of the only people to get through
Catalina’s tough exterior. She is deeply touched by his spirituality and refers
to him as a “saintly man.” He is the first person to whom she confesses the
truth of her biological gender. Bearing out her faith in his caring and belief
in honor, he protects Catalina after she makes her confession.
Brother Luis Ferrer de Valencia
The priest who arrives to take Catalina’s confession after her
near-death battle with the Cid. Catalina implies that she tells Brother Luis
that she is a woman. The priest is kind and encouraging to Catalina, who
describes him as being a “great man.”
The Half-Indian Woman
The daughter of a Spaniard and an Indian woman, and a widow. The
half-Indian woman treats Catalina well and feels pity for Catalina’s
destitution. She is wealthy and hopes to marry her daughter to
The Half-Indian Woman’s Daughter
A girl Catalina refuses to marry, describing her as being “as black
and ugly as the devil himself.”
Captain Esteban Eguiño
Catalina’s uncle, also the first cousin of Catalina’s mother. Esteban
hires her on as ship’s boy on his vessel, and although he does not recognize her
as his niece, as a loyal Basque he allows Catalina to curry favor with him
simply due to the fact that her background is also Basque.
A dark, hairy giant known as “the Cid.” The Cid attempts to steal
from Catalina during a card game. He is quite brazen in his behavior and doesn’t
hesitate to defend himself when Catalina reacts with violence. Although he
wounds Catalina badly, he dies almost at once.
An arrogant young man who starts an argument with Catalina. When
confronted by Catalina, Reyes does not back down and instead responds with
threats of violence. He is a proud young man with loyal friends, and he is
willing to go to great lengths to defend his honor.
The daughter of the late Captain Juan Dávalos and Dõna María de
Ulloa, who is a nun and founded a convent. María is brave and adventurous,
urging Catalina to cross a river that frightens even Catalina. María has been
unfaithful to her husband with the bishop’s nephew and enlists Catalina’s help
in escaping her vengeful husband.
Pope Urban the Eighth
The Pope of the Catholic Church, residing in Rome. The Pope is
willing to allow Catalina to rebel against propriety and continue dressing as a
man, while urging her to lead an honest existence. A gracious ruler, he believes
Catalina’s virginity is much more significant than her cross-dressing in
defining her character.
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