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Casebeer, Evan. Hermann Hesse. New York: Warner Paperback, 1972.
Mileck, Joseph. Hermann Hesse and His Critics: The Criticism and Bibliography of Half a Century. New York: AMS Press, 1966.
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Stelzig, Eugene. Hermann Hesse’s Fictions of the Self: Autobiography and the Confessional Imagination. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 1988.
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Siddhartha dreamed the bird died in the cage, which symbolizes what will happen to him if he continues his path of samsara. When he leaves, a real bird is released by Kamala. Therefore, the bird represents Siddhartha leaving the prison of samsara and chosing a life outside of the cage, rather than a life of pleasure and comfort inside the cage.
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Siddhartha is a 1922 novel by Hermann Hesse that deals with the spiritual journey of self-discovery of a man named Siddhartha during the time of the Gautama Buddha. The book, Hesse's ninth novel, was written in German, in a simple, lyrical style. Great work. Recommend! Especially if you like fiction.
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