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Tom Jones

Henry Fielding

Book XVI

Book XV

Book XVI, page 2

page 1 of 2


Chapter I

The narrator claims that it is difficult to write introductory chapters. They are not ordered in a particular manner—any of them could grace the beginning of any chapter. Their purpose is simply to whet the critic's appetite.

Chapter II

Western and Sophia—who is still confined to her room—argue about Blifil. A messenger arrives from Lord Fellamar, who intends to pay his respects to Sophia that afternoon. Western answers that Sophia is already "disposed of." The messenger asks whether Western knows what kind of man he is declining. Western rudely retort that he hates all lords and begins to caper angrily about the room. Sophia joins in her father's rancor by stomping her foot on the floor and running screaming from her room. Once Fellamar's messenger has departed, Western heads straight for Sophia's room, where they weep together and express their love for each other. Sophia says that she promises not to marry at all—she will devote herself to her father. This refuels his anger.


The narrator confides in the reader that Western "really doated on his Daughter, and to give her any Kind of Pleasure was the highest Satisfaction of his Life." Black George carries up a pullet with eggs for Sophia's dinner. Although Sophia has been refusing food, Black George manages to entice her with the pullet, which is her favorite dish. She finds a letter from Tom inside its belly. The letter labors the point that Tom only wishes to see Sophia happy. While she reads the letter, Sophia hears a fracas downstairs between her father and her Aunt Western, who has just arrived in London.

Chapter IV

Mrs. Western asks for her niece. When Squire Western reports that he has locked the wayward Sophia in her room, Mrs. Western reminds him of his promise not to take such drastic actions against his daughter's disobedience. She stresses the ideal of female liberty, and the narrator compares her to Thalestris, that Amazonian champion of women. Eventually Squire Western tosses down the key and Mrs. Western departs to find Sophia. No sooner has she left than her brother damns her and invites Parson Supple for a drink. Squire Western allows Mrs. Western to take Sophia to her own lodging. Mrs. Western begs her brother not to see Mrs. Fitzpatrick if she seeks him out.

Chapter V

Black George delivers a letter to Tom from Sophia. She tells Tom that she is with her Aunt Western and has promised not to write any further to Tom. She does give her word, however, that she will marry no other man. Tom is torn by happiness and grief. Tom spends three hours reading and kissing the epistle, after which he joins Mrs. Miller, Betsey, and Partridge at the playhouse to watch a performance of Hamlet. Partridge becomes fully immersed in the play and trembles at the ghost of Hamlet's father—whom he believes to be a real ghoul. He shouts out to Hamlet when the latter picks up the skull of Yorrick, and amuses all the spectators around him with his running commentary on the play. After the performance, Mrs. Fitzpatrick approaches Jones and invites him to meet with her the following afternoon.

Chapter VI

The narrator considers all the characters in the novel as children. He harbors an "extraordinary Tenderness" for Sophia. Soon after Mr. Western departed for London, he sent a note to Blifil encouraging the lad to come to London as soon as possible to be married to Sophia. Blifil's motive for marrying Sophia has become pure hatred. Since Sophia ran away from home, Allworthy has suspected Sophia's dislike for Blifil. Blifil and Thwackum tried to convince Allworthy that Blifil should still pursue the young lady. Allworthy's tenderness eventually conquered his prudence and he agreed to accompany Blifil to London. Allworthy and Blifil arrive in London while Jones is watching Hamlet. Western insists on taking Blifil to Mrs. Western's residence immediately.

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Missing Chapters in Book 7

by anon_2223127581, November 15, 2014

In book 7 of these sparknotes there are a few chapters missing. There should be 15 chapters but the sparknotes stop after chapter 12.

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