Geometric proofs can be written in one of two ways: two columns, or a paragraph. A paragraph proof is only a two-column proof written in sentences. However, since it is easier to leave steps out when writing a paragraph proof, we'll learn the two-column method.
A two-column geometric proof consists of a list of statements, and the reasons that we know those statements are true. The statements are listed in a column on the left, and the reasons for which the statements can be made are listed in the right column. Every step of the proof (that is, every conclusion that is made) is a row in the two-column proof.
Writing a proof consists of a few different steps.
Segment AD bisects segment BC.Prove:
Segment BC bisects segment AD.
Triangles ABM and DCM are congruent.
Notice that when the SAS postulate was used, the numbers in parentheses correspond to the numbers of the statements in which each side and angle was shown to be congruent. Anytime it is helpful to refer to certain parts of a proof, you can include the numbers of the appropriate statements in parentheses after the reason.