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Empirical  -  Based on or relating to observational evidence. Thus an empirical fact would be a fact substantiated by evidence.
Enlightenment  -  A period in European intellectual history from the later seventeenth century to the early nineteenth characterized by confidence in reason and a willingness to challenge traditional assumptions.
Reason  -  The capacity for logical analysis and argument. "Reason" in this sense is related to the term "reasoning," which refers to logical deliberation or argument, and to the notion of giving "reasons" for one's beliefs. Enlightenment thinkers like Kant believed that reason could provide clear answers to basic philosophical, scientific, and political questions.
Will  -  The faculty that enables us to pursue a course of action and influence events in the world, as in "freewill," "an act of will," "impose your will on someone."

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Note about Darwin

by rogueraccoon, February 11, 2014

The last note on Darwin and evolution displays a common misconception about evolution, that is, the anthropomorphism of a process. Organs do not develop to help with survival, the organs that are best suited for survival survive. There is no purpose in an organ's origins.


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Counter-Enlightment figure

by sotvictim, August 30, 2014

It is misleading to understand Kant as part of the Enlightenment tradition. While he was a contemporary of the Age of Enlightenment, or the Age of Reason (like J. Locke), he certainly was not in agreement with the Enlightenment movement. As his own Critiques show, he was not confident that reason, understood by others as the conceptualizing of our experiences and thereby understanding our world (what he calls "Pure Reason"), was the proper guide to our actions and to our societies. This is why he was so similar to Rousseau (another Counter-E... Read more


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Grammatically Obtuse

by JBeez63, November 11, 2014

My main issue with Kant is the sentence structure, or lack thereof, with using, as it were, to be confusing, too many commas, and everywhere then with odd wordings.


7 out of 8 people found this helpful