Descartes, Rene. Principles of Philosophy. Trans. Valentine Rodger Miller and Reese P. Miller. Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1991.
Descartes, Rene. The Philosophical Writings of Descartes. Trans. John Cottingham, Robert Stoothoff, Dugold Murdoch. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1985.
Cottingham, John, ed. The Cambridge Companion to Descartes. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1992.
Des Chene, Dennis. Spitis and Clocks: Machine and Organism in Descartes New York: Cornell University Press, 2001.
For a (still controversial) view on the history of western mind body dualism see:
have a look at
In my reading of Descarte, he didn't say we all have an innate idea of God. What he did say was that we all have an innate idea of perfection. We, being human, are not perfect. We all realize this. None of us do not know this.
If we all know this, then we must know perfection, otherwise we could not know we are not perfect. But how does a being know of an idea of perfection without someone else telling us what it is? If my parents first told me of perfection, then they must know what perfection is, either by experience or by som... Read more→