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Problems for the Graphical Method for Vector Addition and Scalar Multiplication

Problem : Consider two vectors u and v in the plane which comprise two sides of a triangle. What vector corresponds to the third side?

Either u - v or v - u are acceptable answers. (The difference will be whether the arrow for the third side points towards u or towards v ).

Problem : Find the sum of the vectors which make up the vertices of a regular pentagon centered at the origin.

The sum of the vectors, which you can find using the geometric method for vector addition, should turn out to be zero. An easy way to see this is by noticing that if you rotate the pentagon by an angle of 2Π/5 , you will recover exactly the same same pentagon, with exactly the same vectors defining its vertices. Thus, whatever vector you obtain by adding up the five vectors, it should remain unchanged under such a rotation. Only the zero-vector (the origin itself) doesn't move when you rotate the plane, hence this is the only possible candidate for the result of the sum.