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Bloom, Harold, ed. Walt Whitman. Broomall, PA: Chelsea House Publishers, 1999.
Erkkila, Betsy and Jay Grossman. Breaking Bounds: Whitman and American Cultural Studies. New York: Oxford University Press, 1996.
Greenspan, Ezra, ed. Cambridge Companion to Walt Whitman. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995.
Mancuso, Luke. The Strange Sad War Revolving: Walt Whitman, Reconstruction, and the Emergence of Black Citizenship, 1865-1876. Columbia, SC: Camden House, 1997.
Morris, Roy. The Better Angel: Walt Whitman in the Civil War. New York: Oxford University Press, 2000.
Schmidgall, Gary. Walt Whitman: A Gay Life. Dutton, New York, 1997.
Whitman, Walt. Leaves of Grass. New York: Bantam Books, 1983.
Ans: "When Lilacs Last in the Dooryard Bloom'd- is an elegy on the death of Abraham Lincoln, though it never mentions the president by name. Like most elegies, it develops from the personal (the death of Lincoln and the poet's grief) to the impersonal (the death of "all of you" and death itself); from an intense feeling of grief to the thought of reconciliation. The poem, which is one of the finest Whitman ever wrote, is a dramatization of this feeling of loss. This elegy is grander and more touching than Whitman's other two elegies on Linco... Read more→
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A poem without a regular rhyme or meter, which feels almost like regular speech, is said to be written in free verse.
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