Important Terms and People
March 14, 1879:
·Albert Einstein is born in Ulm, Germany, the first
child of Hermann and Pauline Einstein.
June 21, 1880:
·The Einstein family moves to Munich, Germany.
March 31, 1885:
·Einstein enrolls in the second grade of a Catholic
elementary school called the Petersschule. He receives Jewish
religious instruction at home and also begins taking violin lessons.
October 1, 1888:
·Einstein is accepted at the Luitpold Gymnasium
·The medical student Max Talmud begins joining the
Einstein family regularly for dinner and introduces Albert to scientific and
·The Einstein family moves to Milan, Italy, but Einstein
remains in Munich to complete his education at the Gymnasium.
December 29, 1894:
·Einstein drops out of the Luitpold Gymnasium and joins
his family in Milan.
October 26, 1895:
·After failing the entry exam for the Zurich Polytechnic,
Einstein is accepted to the trade department of the cantonal school
in Aarau, Switzerland. He lives with the family of Jost Winteler,
a teacher in Aarau.
January 28, 1896:
·Einstein's officially renounces his German citizenship.
·Einstein begins studying at the Zurich Polytechnic
in a teachers' training program.
July 28, 1900:
·Einstein receives his diploma as a mathematics teacher
and starts work on his doctoral thesis.
February 21, 1901:
·Einstein officially becomes a Swiss citizen.
·Einstein works as a temporary teacher at the Technical
College in Winterthur, Switzerland.
·Einstein works as a teacher at a private school in
·Lieserl, Einstein and Mileva Maric's illegitimate
daughter, is born in Hungary.
June 16, 1902:
·Einstein is hired as a patent officer in Bern.
January 6, 1903:
·Einstein and Mileva are married in Bern.
·Einstein forms the Olympia Academy with his friends
Maurice Solovine and Conrad Habicht.
May 14, 1904:
·Hans Albert, Einstein and Mileva's first son, is born
March 17, 1905:
·Einstein completes his paper on quantum theory.
May 11, 1905:
·Einstein's paper on Brownian motion is accepted by
the Annalen der Physik.
September 28, 1905:
·Einstein's paper on the special theory of relativity
is published in the Annalen der Physik.
January 15, 1906:
·Einstein receives his doctorate from the University
February 28, 1908:
·Einstein becomes a privatdozent at
May 7, 1909:
·Einstein is appointed extraordinary professor of theoretical
physics at Zurich University.
July 28, 1910:
·Eduard, the Einsteins' second son, is born in Zurich.
January 30, 1912:
·Einstein is appointed professor of theoretical physics
at the Zurich Polytechnic.
·Einstein begins collaborating with Marcel Grossman
about the general theory of relativity.
December 7, 1913:
·Einstein accepts a position at the University of Berlin.
·Einstein and Mileva separate, and she returns to Zurich
with their sons.
·Einstein signs a "Manifesto to the Europeans" advocating
his pacifist and internationalist ideals. He also completes his formulation
of the general theory of relativity.
·Einstein moves into the apartment of his cousin Elsa
October 1, 1917:
·The Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Physics begins operating
under Einstein's management.
February 14, 1919:
·Einstein and Mileva obtain a divorce.
June 2, 1919:
·Einstein marries his cousin Elsa in Berlin.
November 6, 1919:
·A solar eclipse has allowed scientists to observe
phenomena predicted by Einstein's general relativity theory, and
news of the theory's confirmation is announced at a ceremonial
meeting of the Royal Society of London. Einstein becomes famous.
April 2-May 30 1921:
·Einstein visits the U.S. for the first time on a fund-
raising tour for the establishment of the Hebrew University in Jerusalem.
November 9, 1922:
·Einstein wins the Nobel Prize for his work on quantum
·Heisenberg, Schroedinger, Born, and others formulate
quantum mechanics on the basis of Einstein's quantum theory.
·Einstein begins debating with Bohr about the new quantum mechanics
at the Solvay Conference in Brussels.
·Einstein is appointed to the Institute of Advanced
Study in Princeton. He plans to spend half a year a Princeton
and the other half in Berlin.
January 30, 1933:
·The Nazis seize power in Germany.
March 28, 1933:
·Einstein resigns from the Prussian Academy of Sciences
and declares that he will not return to Germany.
October 17, 1933:
·Einstein moves to the United States with his wife
and his secretary Helen Dukas.
December 20, 1933:
·Elsa Einstein dies in Princeton.
August 2, 1939:
·Einstein signs a letter to President Franklin D. Roosevelt
urging the acceleration of atomic bomb development.
October 1, 1940:
·Einstein becomes an American citizen.
August 6, 1945:
·The first atomic bomb is dropped on Hiroshima.
·The State of Israel is established by the United Nations.
·After Chaim Weizmann's death, Einstein is offered
the presidency of Israel. He declines.
April 18, 1955:
·Einstein dies in New Jersey. His body is cremated
and his papers turned over to the Hebrew University in Jerusalem.