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Important People, Terms, and Events

Important People, Terms, and Events

Important People, Terms, and Events

Important People, Terms, and Events

Important People, Terms, and Events

Important People, Terms, and Events


Aga Khan III -  (1877-1957) Hereditary ruler of the Muslim Ismaili sect and general Muslim leader. Born into great power and wealth, the Aga Khan supported the British in India, and founded the All-India Muslim League in 1906.
Winston Churchill  -  Prime Minister of England during World War II, and an obdurate foe of Indian independence
Karamchand Gandhi  -  Gandhi's father, and a local politician. When Gandhi's family sent him to England after Karamchand's death, it was with the hope that he would follow in his father's footsteps.
Nathuram Vinayuk Godse -  A militant Hindu nationalist, and Gandhi's assassin
G.K. Gokhale -  A great Indian politician at the turn of the century, who befriended Gandhi
Muhammed Ali Jinnah  -  Head of the Muslim League, and founder of Pakistan. He successfully demanded partition of India into Muslim and Hindu countries, an idea to which Gandhi was fundamentally opposed.
Kasturbai  -  Gandhi's wife. They were married at the age of thirteen.
Lord Mountbatten -  The last Viceroy of India, he presided over the partition of the subcontinent.
Jawaharlal Nehru  -  An Indian nationalist leader and friend to Gandhi, he became the first Prime Minister of India.
Motilal Nehru  -  A leader in the Indian National Congress and Gandhi's ally, he was the father of Jawaharlal Nehru.
Putlibai  -  Gandhi's mother. She died while he was in England.
Raychandra -  A Jain friend of Gandhi's, with whom he corresponded on matters of religion in the 1890s
Jan Smuts  -  The Afrikaner President of the Transvaal, and Gandhi's opponent in his struggle against discrimination
Leo Tolstoy -  The Russian author whose works on pacifism had a profound effect on Gandhi


Ashram -   · An Indian word for a religiously-oriented, communal farm
Bhagavad-Gita  -   · One of the sacred texts of Hinduism, this long poem helped shape Gandhi's personal philosophy.
Boer  -   · Descendants of the Dutch settlers of South Africa, they struggled with the British for dominance of the region.
Bombay -   · The great port of western India
Brahmacharya -   · The renunciation of sex by a male Hindu. Gandhi committed himself to Brahmacharya, after some struggle, in 1906.
British Empire  -   · The vast collection of British-ruled territories that included, at Gandhi's birth, all of India.
Caste -   · A caste is a social level or class. In Hindu India, the caste system is especially intricate and influential; under this system, a person is born into a specific caste and may never leave it. The castes span a wide range, the highest being the Brahmin caste, the lowest being the untouchables.
Delhi -   · The capital of India under the Raj
East India Company  -   · The British trading company that dominated India in the 18th century.
Hartal -   · In Indian tradition, this is a day of fasting, prayer, and abstention from work.
Hindu  -   · The complex, polytheistic majority religion of India
Indian National Congress  -   · An organization of well-educated Indians, founded in 1885, that fell under Gandhi's leadership and pushed for Indian independence
Jain  -   · A reform movement in Hinduism that emphasized the sacredness of all life, and greatly influenced Gandhi.
Mahatma -   · A word meaning "great soul" that was applied to Gandhi
Muslim  -   · A member of the monotheistic religion Islam. Muslims have long been the largest religious minority in India.
Natal -   · A province of British-ruled South Africa
Natal Indian Congress  -   · Founded by Gandhi, this organization lobbied for Indian rights in South Africa.
Phoenix Settlement -   · Gandhi's communal farm in South Africa
Raj -   · The British term for their dominions in India
Satyagraha  -   · Literally, "soul-force." It was the term given to Gandhi's strategy of nonviolent resistance to oppression
Satyagraha ashram  -   · The name given to Gandhi's ashram in India.
Transvaal -   · A Boer republic in South Africa, ruled by the British after the Boer War
Unto This Last -   · Written by a British author named John Ruskin, this book convinced Gandhi of the virtues of physical labor.
Untouchables -   · The shunned lowest caste, they were embraced by Gandhi.
Viceroy of India  -   · The British-appointed ruler of India


Amritsar Massacre -   · The 1919 slaughter of Indian protesters by British troops that sparked outrage around the world
Boer War  -   · The struggle (1899-1901) between Britain and the Boer republics, ending in British control of South Africa.
Government of India Act  -   · Passed by the British Parliament in 1935, it paved the way for Indian independence.
Rowlatt Act  -   · Passed after World War I, it cracked down on civil liberties in India, and led Gandhi toward rebellion.
The Salt March  -   · Gandhi's march to the sea, in spring 1930, to protest the British government's salt monopoly.

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by prash0308, January 05, 2015

Can you justify your stand that Godse wanted Pakistan eliminated?

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