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Important Terms and People


Disciples -   · A religious group that Garfield joined while attending seminary school. Garfield took an active role in the church, attending the church's school at Hiram, Ohio and eventually becoming a preacher. It was a combination of several different Protestant faiths.
hard money -   · The term used to describe the system where paper currency could be converted into gold or silver at a bank, a system that would, in theory, lower inflation and even out currency fluctuations.
Western Reserve Eclectic Institute  -   · The institute of higher learning founded by the Disciples in Hiram, Ohio. Garfield taught there for several years and even served as the school's principal. Later, the school changed its name to Hiram College.


Lucretia Randolph Garfield  -  Garfield's wife, whom he met while in school and married in November, 1858. She bore him seven children, two of whom died in infancy.
Salmon P. Chase -  An Ohio native and close friend of Garfield's. Chase served as Lincoln's treasury secretary before being appointed to the Supreme Court.
Rutherford B. Hayes  -  Republican president from 1877 through 1881. Elected in controversial election where Hayes won the electoral college by a single vote while Democratic candidate Samuel Tilden won the popular vote. Hayes worked hard to combat corruption in government and pull the country out of a recession. He saw Garfield's nomination and election as vindication of his policies.
Samuel Tilden -  The Democratic nominee for president in 1876, Tilden lost a controversial election wherein he won the popular vote but lost the electoral college by a single vote amid widespread allegations of fraud. Later, New York newspapers published telegrams showing that Tilden had tried to buy the election.
James G. Blaine -  Garfield's closest friend and ally. The two Ohio natives knew each other from early on in their respective careers, and Garfield continually supported Blaine's attempts at higher office. Garfield had hoped that Blaine would win the presidential nomination in 1880.

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