1. Maxwell Planck's
ancestors were mainly of what profession?
2. In which area
of physics did Planck specialize in the earliest days of his career?
3. Which physicist
first introduced the concept of blackbody radiation?
4. Before 1900, most
scientists assumed that light was what?
5. What was the equation
that made Planck famous?
6. In what year did
Planck's first wife die?
7. What was the name
of Planck's second wife?
8. What year was
Planck awarded the Nobel Prize?
9. What is the name
given to the philosophy that scientists should only trust facts
that they gain from their own direct experience with the world?
10. How did Planck
react to the beginning of World War I?
11. What is the common
name given to the manifesto signed by Planck and many of his peers
at the start of World War I?
12. How many of Planck's
children died soon after World War I?
13. How did Planck's
first son die?
14. What was the
name of the treaty that ended World War I?
15. What was the
name of the Post-World War I German regime?
16. What was the
name of the post-war international scientific organization that
excluded German scientists?
17. Which conference
did Planck attend in 1927, as a symbol of renewed relations between
Germany and the rest of Europe?
18. Planck is known
as the father of which field of physics?
19. According to
the quantum physicists at Copenhagen and the University of Göttingen,
what does Schrödinger's wave measure?
20. Which two physicists
were most responsible for creating the Copenhagen interpretation
of quantum physics?
21. According to
the theory of complementarity, is light a particle or a wave?
22. According to
Heisenberg's Uncertainty Principle, what two quantities of a subatomic
particle can never be measured simultaneously?
23. What was Planck's
opinion of the Copenhagen interpretation?
24. Who developed
the theory of complementarity?
25. Which famous
physicist agreed with Planck's strong opinion of the Copenhagen
26. Why did Planck
support quantum physics research so strongly in the 1920s and 1930s.
27. In what year
did the Nazi party come to power in Germany?
28. What political
party did Planck belong to after World War I?
29. Which of the
following best describes Planck's political views?
30. What is anti-Semitism?
31. Who was the leader
of the Nazi party?
32. What did the
Law to Restore the Career Civil Service dictate?
33. How many German
professors were fired as a result of the Law to Restore the Career
34. According to
at least one prominent American observer, how did the German people
react to this wave of firings?
35. Which area
of science was hardest hit by German anti-Semitism?
36. What percentage
of German theoretical physicists left their jobs soon after the
Nazis came to power?
37. What did Planck
think of this mass exodus of German Jewish professors?
38. Who was the leader
of the "German Physics" movement that tried to create a new, purely
39. According to
the German Physics movement, which physicist was considered primarily
responsible for the so-called international Jewish conspiracy to
destroy German science?
40. How many German
physicists followed the German Physics movement?
41. Why did Planck
stay in Germany after the Nazis came to power?
42. What did Einstein
do after the Nazis came to power?
43. What connection
did Planck have to Einstein at the beginning of the twentieth century?
44. In what year
was the Berlin Academy of Sciences finally forced to expel its
45. In what year
did Planck retire from all his positions in state-funded scientific
46. How was Planck's
47. What happened
to Planck's son in 1945?
48. How did Planck
spend his time once he retired from his academic and administrative