The Early Years
The Black Box
The Reluctant Revolutionary
The Golden Age
An Uphill Battle
The Quantum Mystery
Physics Under Hitler
Stuck in the Middle
End of Days
Suggestions for Further Reading
Suggested Essay Topics
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Table of Contents
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Full Book Quiz
1. Maxwell Planck's ancestors were mainly of what profession?
Doctors and lawyers
Artists and writers
Chemists and physicists
Lawyers and ministers
2. In which area of physics did Planck specialize in the earliest days of his career?
3. Which physicist first introduced the concept of blackbody radiation?
4. Before 1900, most scientists assumed that light was what?
5. What was the equation that made Planck famous?
E = hv
F = ma
E = mc
v = d/t
6. In what year did Planck's first wife die?
7. What was the name of Planck's second wife?
Marga Von Hoesslin
8. What year was Planck awarded the Nobel Prize?
9. What is the name given to the philosophy that scientists should only trust facts that they gain from their own direct experience with the world?
10. How did Planck react to the beginning of World War I?
He protested the war.
He thought Germany was engaged in a noble struggle.
He thought Germany could never win.
He joined the army.
11. What is the common name given to the manifesto signed by Planck and many of his peers at the start of World War I?
The Appeal of the German People
The Appeal of the Seventy-Two Physicists
The Appeal of the Ninety-Three Intellectuals
The Appeal of the Fifty-Seven Scientists
12. How many of Planck's children died soon after World War I?
13. How did Planck's first son die?
He was murdered.
In a car accident
In a fire
From wounds received in battle
14. What was the name of the treaty that ended World War I?
The Treaty of Versailles
The Treaty of Paris
The Treaty of Berlin
The Treaty of the Great War
15. What was the name of the Post-World War I German regime?
The Third Reich
The German Empire
The Republic of Germany
The Weimar Republic
16. What was the name of the post-war international scientific organization that excluded German scientists?
Allies against German Scientists
International Research Council
European Academy of Sciences
17. Which conference did Planck attend in 1927, as a symbol of renewed relations between Germany and the rest of Europe?
The League of Nations annual meeting
The Gottingen Group
The Nobel Prize committee meeting
The Solvay Conference
18. Planck is known as the father of which field of physics?
19. According to the quantum physicists at Copenhagen and the University of Göttingen, what does Schrödinger's wave measure?
20. Which two physicists were most responsible for creating the Copenhagen interpretation of quantum physics?
Werner Heisenberg and Niels Bohr
Werner Heisenberg and Albert Einstein
Niels Bohr and Maxwell Planck
Max Born and Niels Bohr
21. According to the theory of complementarity, is light a particle or a wave?
22. According to Heisenberg's Uncertainty Principle, what two quantities of a subatomic particle can never be measured simultaneously?
Speed and size
Position and momentum
Position and size
Speed and momentum
23. What was Planck's opinion of the Copenhagen interpretation?
He thought it was absolutely right.
He thought it was completely wrong.
He didn't know what it was.
He didn't understand it.
24. Who developed the theory of complementarity?
25. Which famous physicist agreed with Planck's strong opinion of the Copenhagen interpretation?
26. Why did Planck support quantum physics research so strongly in the 1920s and 1930s.
He was doing a great deal of work in quantum physics.
He agreed with all the theories of the quantum physicists.
He thought it was Germany's best hope of impressing the rest of the world.
All his friends were quantum physicists, and he wanted to help them out.
27. In what year did the Nazi party come to power in Germany?
28. What political party did Planck belong to after World War I?
The Nazi Party
The Democratic Party
The German People's Party
The German Fascist Party
29. Which of the following best describes Planck's political views?
30. What is anti-Semitism?
Hatred of women
Hatred of foreigners
Hatred of Jews
Hatred of the wealthy
31. Who was the leader of the Nazi party?
32. What did the Law to Restore the Career Civil Service dictate?
No woman could hold a civil service job.
No non-Aryan could hold a civil service job.
No one without a high school degree could hold a civil service job.
No atheists could hold a civil service job.
33. How many German professors were fired as a result of the Law to Restore the Career Civil Service?
34. According to at least one prominent American observer, how did the German people react to this wave of firings?
They were outraged.
They quietly protested it.
They didn't know.
They quietly supported it.
35. Which area of science was hardest hit by German anti-Semitism?
36. What percentage of German theoretical physicists left their jobs soon after the Nazis came to power?
37. What did Planck think of this mass exodus of German Jewish professors?
He was pleased.
He didn't care.
He thought it was destroying German science.
He didn't notice.
38. Who was the leader of the "German Physics" movement that tried to create a new, purely Aryan physics?
39. According to the German Physics movement, which physicist was considered primarily responsible for the so-called international Jewish conspiracy to destroy German science?
40. How many German physicists followed the German Physics movement?
Less than fifty
More than fifty
More than 100
More than 1000
41. Why did Planck stay in Germany after the Nazis came to power?
He supported the Nazi policies.
He had nowhere else to go.
He thought it was his duty to stay.
He didn't have enough money to leave.
42. What did Einstein do after the Nazis came to power?
He left Germany immediately.
He stayed in Germany to spite his enemies.
He got involved in a plot to assassinate Hitler.
He retired from public life.
43. What connection did Planck have to Einstein at the beginning of the twentieth century?
Planck tried to suppress Einstein's theory of relativity.
Planck was instrumental in rallying support for Einstein's theory of relativity.
Planck turned the physics community against Einstein.
Planck and Einstein were best friends.
44. In what year was the Berlin Academy of Sciences finally forced to expel its Jewish members?
45. In what year did Planck retire from all his positions in state-funded scientific institutions?
46. How was Planck's home destroyed?
An arsonist burned it down.
It was destroyed in an air raid.
It was destroyed by a bomb.
It was destroyed by a storm.
47. What happened to Planck's son in 1945?
He got married.
He had a baby.
He was disowned by his father.
He was executed.
48. How did Planck spend his time once he retired from his academic and administrative positions?
He wrote books.
He traveled around the country giving lectures.
He became an artist.
He continued with his scientific research.
49. When did Planck die?
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