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The Chosen

Chaim Potok

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Danny Saunders

Danny Saunders

Danny Saunders

Danny Saunders

Although The Chosen focuses equally on both Reuven’s and Danny’s personal and religious development, it is Danny’s story that provides the central conflict of the novel and sets in motion both protagonists’ process of discovery. Danny and Reuven’s similarities—their love of learning, quick minds, and deep Jewish faith—allow them to relate to one another and become friends. At the same time, their differences in family situations, culture, and relationships to the non-Jewish secular world allow them to learn from one another. Throughout the novel, Danny learns restraint and introspection from Reuven. As Reb Saunders points out in the final chapter, Reuven entered Danny’s life when Danny “was ready to rebel.” Reb Saunders argues that God sent Reuven to Danny to help him.

At the beginning of the novel, Danny is tense and unsure about how to deal with his inner desire to rebel against his upbringing. He has difficulty speaking openly, and only after warming up to Reuven does he reveal the awkwardness of his situation. Furthermore, Danny’s repressed anger toward his father has made him highly susceptible to embracing any criticism of Hasidism. In Chapter 8, Danny reads Graetz’s History of the Jews. The book contains a harsh denunciation of the Hasidim, but Danny reads it with a surprising lack of skepticism. Reuven, on the other hand, provides a tempering, rational perspective, balancing Danny’s anger and frustration with compassion and contemplation. By the end of the novel, Danny has resolved his conflict with his father; furthermore, like Reuven, he has developed a broadened, more balanced sense of himself and the world around him.

Sanford Sternlicht writes that the conflict between Danny and his father should be seen in terms of Freud’s theory of the Oedipus complex, which posits that a son holds an unconscious wish to take his father’s place and be the sole object of his mother’s affection. Sternlicht argues that Danny expresses his hostility toward his father as aversion to the idea of taking his father’s place as leader of the congregation. Sternlicht adds, “Most significantly, it is Danny’s reading of Freud that provides much of the ammunition for his successful revolt against and defeat of his father, who, unconsciously, may be trying to deprive Danny of his individual manhood by turning him into a clone of himself.” Yet Danny’s rebellion is against his culture as well as his father. He has a repressed need to rebel against the traditional, constrictive role of a tzaddik—and the type of life that Danny fears his father wants him to lead.

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