full title · A Clockwork Orange
author · John Anthony Burgess Wilson (Anthony Burgess)
type of work · Novella
genre · Dystopia; philosophical novel; social satire; black comedy
language · English
time and place written · 1958–1961, England
date of first publication · 1962
publisher · W.W. Norton & Company
narrator · Alex narrates A Clockwork Orange immediately after the events of the novel.
point of view · The narrator speaks in the first person, subjectively describing only what he sees, hears, thinks, and experiences.
tone · Irreverent; comical; hateful; playful; juvenile
tense · Past, though in the last few paragraphs the narrator switches to present tense
setting (time) · The not-so-distant future
setting (place) · A large town or small city in England, as well as an English countryside village
protagonist · Alex
major conflict · Alex asserts himself against the State, which seeks to suppress his freedom by psychologically removing his power to make free choices.
rising action · Alex commits several violent crimes that disrupt the order of the State.
climax · Alex is apprehended by the police and sent to jail, where he eventually undergoes behavioral conditioning that kills his capacity for violence.
falling action · Alex becomes a being incapable of making moral decisions, and he is caught up in a political struggle between the current government and a cabal of revolutionaries.
themes · The inviolability of free will; the necessity of commitment; the inherent evil of government; “duality as the ultimate reality”
motifs · Nadsat; classical music; Christ
symbols · Milk; synthemesc, vellocet and drencrom (hallucinogenic drugs); night/darkness; day/lightness
foreshadowing · In Part One, Chapter 1, Alex foreshadows more violence before the night’s end by telling us that the “night is still very young.” In Part One, Chapter 3, the names Gitterfenster and Bettzeug foreshadow Alex’s impending imprisonment and suicide attempt, respectively. In Part One, Chapter 5, Alex foreshadows the parallels between himself and Christ, which will continue throughout the novel, and shape the novel’s three-part structure. In Part One, Chapter 5 Alex foreshadows his apprehension by the police, as well as everything else that befalls him, when he tells us that he leads his droogs to his doom. In Part Two, Chapter 7, Alex foreshadows the conflict in Part Three between the State and F. Alexander’s faction of political dissidents when he tells us that his mention of F. Alexander’s manuscript “A Clockwork Orange” hushes the room for a minute.
time machine is boooring
2 out of 12 people found this helpful
Just wanted to say thank you for the post of the Nasdat dictionary. The language of the story was a bit overwhelming at some points, though this helped me pull through. I'd also like to mention the explanations under the "Important Quotes" were a very interesting read. If anyone reads this comment, I'd recommend them a read for a potential boost in the understanding of the subliminal contexts of Burgess's story.
2 out of 6 people found this helpful
I don't think I saw anything about the importance of this word anywhere in the guide, but it's a very loaded word. If you think about most of the other slang Alex uses, they tend to be Russian influenced, but this one isn't. Throughout the story, the meaning of this word changes to the reader: in the beginning, the way the teens use "horrorshow" for something positive leads the reader on to how violent they are. As you move into part two of the book however, you realize that "horrorshow" also alludes to the ultra violent films that Alex is f... Read more→
21 out of 37 people found this helpful