Search Menu

The Metamorphosis

Franz Kafka


Character List

Character List

Character List

Character List

Gregor Samsa -  A traveling salesman and the protagonist of the story. Gregor hates his job but keeps it because of the obligations he feels to pay off his father’s debt and care for his family. He has transformed into a large bug and spends the rest of his life in that state. Although hideous and unrecognizable to others, Gregor retains his some of his inner life and struggles to reconcile his lingering humanity with his physical condition.

Read an in-depth analysis of Gregor Samsa.

Grete Samsa -  Gregor’s sister. Grete is a young woman on the cusp of adulthood. She initially shows great concern for Gregor, but her compassion gives way to possessiveness and resentment as the effects of Gregor’s transformation on her life slowly take their toll.

Read an in-depth analysis of Grete Samsa.

The father -  Gregor’s father. The failure of his business has left him exhausted and emotionally broken, and he is forced to return to work again after Gregor’s metamorphosis. Despite the beneficial effects his new employment has on him, he expresses considerable hostility toward Gregor.

Read an in-depth analysis of The father.

The mother -  Gregor’s mother. Frail and distressed, the mother is torn between her love for Gregor and her horror at Gregor’s new state. Grete and Gregor’s father seek to protect her from the full reality of her son’s transformation.
The charwoman -  An elderly widow and the Samsa family’s cleaning lady. Taken on by the Samsas after their regular maid quits because of Gregor, she is a blunt, honest woman who faces the reality of Gregor’s state without fear or disgust.
The office manager -  Gregor’s boss. Distrustful and overbearing, the office manager insinuates that Gregor has been doing a poor job at work. He flees in terror upon seeing Gregor.
The boarders -  Three temporary boarders in the Samsas’ house. The boarders greatly value order and cleanliness, and thus become horrified when they discover Gregor.
The maid -  The Samsas’ original maid. She is terrified by Gregor and begs the family to fire her.
Test Your Understanding with the Character List Quiz

Take a quiz on this section
Test Your Understanding with the Character List Quiz



Why does Gregor feel that he must keep the job he dislikes?
His Grandmother’s rent
His father’s debt
Test Your Understanding with the Character List Quiz

Character List QUIZ

Test Your Understanding with the Character List Quiz

More Help

Previous Next

by mjindra5, July 15, 2012

Under Money Motif:

Borders should be spelled boarders.


19 out of 33 people found this helpful

Quote Issues

by unwrittendesign, September 09, 2012

Don't use these quotes directly from the site. They are not the same as they are in the book.


52 out of 108 people found this helpful

Metamorphosis analysis

by j4444mes, July 06, 2014

If your interested, there are some ideas regarding Metamorphosis written up here:


13 out of 15 people found this helpful

See all 8 readers' notes   →