full title · The Old Testament
author · Unknown (various)
type of work · Sacred writings and religious narrative
genre · Myth; folktale; epic; poetry; wisdom literature
language · Ancient Hebrew; some passages in Aramaic (an ancient Near-Eastern dialect)
time and place written · First millennium b.c., Palestine and surrounding Near-Eastern regions
date of first publication · Fourth century to first century b.c.
narrator · The narrator of each book is anonymous, but sometimes assumes the voice of a famous biblical figure to increase the authority of a given book. For instance, in Ecclesiastes, the narrator claims to be the wise King Solomon, or the Teacher.
point of view · The anonymous speaker of each book typically narrates in the third person. In some books, the narrator describes events objectively (as they would appear to the observer), but the point of view is limited to the human perspective of the protagonist or of the Israelites. In others, the narrator has an omniscient, or unlimited, knowledge of both human and divine motives and actions. However, some books contain the laws and commandments spoken by God, or the lengthy speeches, poetry, and sayings of one person. These are narrated in the first person. They often contain imperatives and instructions delivered to the reader or to an unseen audience of listeners.
tone · In the books of wisdom and law, the narrator attributes to the speaker a universal tone, as though each imperative or saying is timeless and applies to all people. In Genesis, Exodus, and the historical books, the narrator remains uncritical and withholds judgment on the characters’ actions. The narrator conveys the scope of the Israelites’ disobedience to God by repeating phrases or ideas that show the cyclical and ongoing nature of Israel’s evil ways.
tense · Past
setting (time) · Approximately 2000 b.c. to 400 b.c.
setting (place) · The Ancient Near East, particularly the eastern Mediterranean region of Palestine
protagonist · The Israelites
major conflict · God promises to give the Israelite people a great land and nation, but the Israelites’ persistent disobedience and worship of false gods hinders the fulfillment of God’s promise, or covenant.
themes · The problem of evil; the possibility of redemption; the virtue of faith
motifs · The covenant; doubles and opposites; geography
symbols · The fertile ground; the Ark of the Covenant
foreshadowing · Moses’s and Joshua’s exhortations to the Israelites; Israel’s failure to remove the native inhabitants and their religions from the Promised Land; the division of the kingdom between Rehoboam and Jeroboam
The section that quotes 1:27-29 relies heavily on the use of the semicolon in the passage. however this is not punctuation that exists in Hebrew and would not have been in the original. in particular its not aplicable to "man and woman he created them" because the 'them' is actually singular in Hebrew and therefor should be translated "Man and woman he created it (humanity)" so its not even the same kind of binary described in the analysis.
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This says Gideon kept the men who drank with their mouths to the stream. It is a bit confusing because of the word lapped. God said to keep the men who lapped out of their hands.
Three hundred men lapped with their hands to their mouths. All the rest got down on their knees to drink. The LORD said to Gideon, "With the three hundred men that lapped I will save you and give the Midianites into your hands. Let all the other men go, each to his own place."
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