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The Sun Also Rises

Ernest Hemingway


Key Facts

Key Facts

full title  ·  The Sun Also Rises

author  · Ernest Hemingway

type of work  · Novel

genre  · Modernist novel; travelogue; novel of disillusionment

language  · English

time and place written  · Mid-1920s, Paris

date of first publication  ·  1926

publisher  · Charles Scribner’s Sons

narrator  · Jake Barnes

point of view  · Jake tells the entire story from his own point of view.

tone  · Somber, detached, ironic, nostalgic

tense  · Past

setting (time)  ·  1924

setting (place)  · The novel begins in Paris, France, moves to Pamplona, Spain, and concludes in Madrid, Spain.

protagonist  · Jake

major conflict  · Jake is in love with Lady Brett Ashley, but they cannot maintain a relationship because he was rendered impotent by a war wound. Jake loses numerous friendships and has his life repeatedly disrupted because of his loyalty to Brett, who has a destructive series of love affairs with other men.

rising action  · Jake, Brett, and their friends pursue a dissipated life in Paris; Jake introduces Brett to Robert Cohn; Brett and Cohn have an affair; Cohn follows Brett to Pamplona.

climax  · The jilted Cohn beats up Mike and Jake, and afterward Pedro Romero.

falling action  · Jake and his friends leave Spain; Jake enjoys the solitude of San Sebastian; Brett wires Jake to rescue her in Madrid after forcing Romero to leave her.

themes  · The aimlessness of the Lost Generation; male insecurity; the destructiveness of sex

motifs  · The failure of communication; excessive drinking; false friendships

symbols  · Bullfighting

foreshadowing  · The behavior of the bulls repeatedly foreshadows the actions of the people in the novel.

More Help

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raising the baton in the last paragraph

by shishijoy, August 20, 2012

I believe that the raised baton also refers to the fact that Jake is impotent and he and Brett will never have the relationship that they both desire.


40 out of 52 people found this helpful

Brett- a personification of "need to believe in something" element within Jake

by matt_estrada, June 07, 2015

Ernest Hemingway stated, concerning this book, that “‘The Sun Also Rises’ is a damn tragedy with the earth abiding as hero forever”. Unfortunately, we have not really understood how he explained this in his writings because we have not understood the character of Brett- what she symbolizes- in this novel. Brett is not to be seen as a separate, individual character in her own right but rather she symbolizes an element within another character. We can only understand the true significance of Hemingway’s declaration if we begin to see... Read more


70 out of 81 people found this helpful

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