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Ulysses

James Joyce

Episode Ten: “The Wandering Rocks”

Episode Nine: “Scylla and Charybdis”

Episode Eleven: “Sirens”

Summary

Episode Ten consists of nineteen short views of characters, major and minor, as they make their way around Dublin in the afternoon. Within each subsection, short, disjunctive paragraphs pop up that depict a simultaneous action in some other part of the city. These are not rendered below.

Father John Conmee travels from his Dublin presbytery to a suburban school to try to get Patrick Dignam’s son admitted for free. Conmee walks to the tram station, passing a one-legged sailor, three schoolboys, and others on the way. Conmee gets on an outbound tram, notices a poster of Eugene Stratton, a blackface minstrel, and thinks about missionary work. Conmee gets off at Howth road, takes out his breviary (book of prayers), and reads to himself as he walks. In front of him, a young couple guiltily emerges from the hedgerow. Conmee blesses them.

Corny Kelleher examines a coffinlid, then gossips with a policeman.

The one-legged sailor crutches up Eccles street, singing a patriotic English song and asking for alms. He passes Katey and Boody Dedalus. A woman’s arm (Molly’s) throws a coin out of a window for the sailor.

Katey and Boody Dedalus enter their kitchen, where their sister Maggy is washing clothes. The Dedalus sisters discuss the household’s lack of money and food—Sister Mary Patrick has donated some pea soup to them. Maggy explains that Dilly has gone to see their father, Simon Dedalus.

The throwaway that Bloom threw into the river in Episode Eight floats down river.

A shopgirl arranges a basket of food for Blazes Boylan. Boylan writes the delivery address and looks down the girl’s shirt. He takes a red flower for his lapel and asks to use her telephone.

Stephen meets his voice teacher, Almidano Artifoni, in the street outside Trinity College. Artifoni tries to persuade Stephen to pursue a music career in Dublin. Stephen is flattered. Artifoni runs to catch a tram.

Miss Dunne, Blazes Boylan’s secretary, puts away the novel she is reading. She daydreams about going out tonight. Boylan calls. Miss Dunne tells Boylan that Lenehan will be at the Ormond Hotel at four o’clock.

Ned Lambert meets with J.J. O’Molloy and the reverend Hugh C. Love to show the reverend around Saint Mary’s Abbey (now Lambert’s warehouse). Lambert discusses the history of the abbey with Love, who is writing a history book. Lambert and O’Molloy discuss O’Molloy’s money troubles.

Tom Rochford shows his invention, a mechanism to keep track of betting races, to Nosey Flynn, McCoy, and Lenehan. Lenehan promises to speak to Boylan this afternoon about Rochford’s in-vention. McCoy and Lenehan leave together. Lenehan ducks into a betting office to check on the price for Sceptre, his pick for the Gold Cup race. Lenehan re-emerges and reports to McCoy that Bantam Lyons is inside betting on a long-shot horse (the horse Lyons thinks Bloom tipped him to in Episode Five). The men spot Bloom looking through a book merchant’s cart nearby. Lenehan claims to have groped a willing Molly. McCoy sticks up for Bloom, who he thinks has an artistic side.

Bloom looks through the books at a bookseller’s cart and settles on Sweets of Sin for Molly.

At Dillon’s auction rooms, the lacquey rings the bell. Dilly Dedalus waits outside for her father. Simon emerges and Dilly asks him for money. He hands over a shilling he borrowed from Jack Power. Dilly suspects he has more money, but Simon walks away from her.

The viceregal cavalcade has begun its cross-town journey.

Tom Kernan passes the spot where the patriot Robert Emmet was hanged, and thinks of Ben Dollard singing “The Croppy Boy.” Kernan spots the viceregal cavalcade, but waves too late.

Stephen looks at jewels in a shop window, then browses a bookseller’s cart. His sister Dilly approaches him and asks Stephen if a French primer that she just bought is good. Stephen considers Dilly, who has his eyes and his quick mind but who is caught in the desperate situation at their family home. Stephen is caught between an impulse to save Dilly and the others and an impulse to escape from them completely.

Bob Cowley greets Simon Dedalus and they discuss Cowley’s debt to Reuben J. Dodd, the moneylender. Ben Dollard arrives with advice about Cowley’s debt.

Martin Cunningham, along with Jack Power and John Wyse Nolan, conducts a collection for the Dignam children. Nolan ironically notes Bloom’s generous five-shilling donation. Cunningham, Power, and Nolan meet up with John Henry, the assistant town clerk, and John Fanning, the subsheriff. The viceregal cavalcade passes them.

Buck Mulligan and Haines sit in a coffeeshop, where Parnell’s brother is playing chess in the corner. Haines and Mulligan discuss Stephen—Haines thinks Stephen is mentally off-balance. Mulligan agrees that Stephen will never turn out to be a true poet, because he has been damaged by Catholic visions of hell.

Tisdall Farrell walks behind Almidano Artifoni in a zigzag and collides with the blind man that Bloom helped at the end of Episode Eight.

Dignam’s son, Patrick junior, walks homeward carrying porksteaks. He passes other schoolboys and wonders if they know of his father’s death. He thinks of his father’s coffin being carried out and the last time he saw his father, who was drunk and going out to the pub.

The progress of the viceregal cavalcade (containing William Humble, Earl of Dudley and Lady Dudley, among others) is tracked, from the viceregal lodge in Phoenix park to the Mirus bazaar. It passes many of the people we have seen so far in the chapter. Most of them notice, and some salute the cavalcade.

Analysis

Episode Ten, “The Wandering Rocks,” serves as an interlude between the first and last nine episodes. The technique of the episode is somewhat filmic. The episode as a whole renders the sense of a wide view of the entire city of Dublin, with figures moving throughout, while the nineteen subsections, and the cut-aways within them, function as quickly changing close-ups. Accordingly, much of the episode is focused on exteriors—appearances and movements. Few characters are granted more than a line or two of interior monologue. The “Wandering Rocks” of The Odyssey were apparently boulders that shifted position in the mist and could capsize a ship (Odysseus never actually sailed through them). Joyce’s “Wandering Rocks” in Episode Ten are represented by textual traps for the reader. The most common type of trap is the one- or two-line interpolations that suddenly describe action happening elsewhere. These textual traps make the narrator seem particularly masterful or obtuse.

The episode is framed on each end by an extended progression—Father Conmee’s trip to a suburban school at the beginning, and the viceregal cavalcade’s progress from Phoenix Park to the Mirus bazaar at the end. Both are on altruistic errands—Conmee is trying to get Dignam’s son into Jesuit school for free, and the Earl of Dudley is presiding over the Mirus charity bazaar to benefit Mercer’s Hospital. Individually, they represent the power of religious and -governmental institutions.

We get a closer view of Stephen’s family in this episode. Stephen is not currently sleeping at home, where his sisters, Maggy, Katey, Boody, and Dilly, struggle to provide subsistence for themselves and the rest of the family since their mother has died. Stephen’s run-in with Dilly at the bookseller’s stall shows Stephen experiencing remorse about his family, especially because Dilly shows a spark of intellect similar to his own. Yet he has just received a paycheck today, and it has been and will be spent on drink, like his father’s money. Stephen refuses to succumb to his conscience and be dragged back into the despair of his family’s poverty and misery.

Bloom and Stephen, though they do not meet, are further aligned in this episode. We see both men browsing a bookseller’s cart (both, interestingly, look at books about sex). Both men do not see the viceregal cavalcade at the end, though most of the other characters do. We see other characters gossiping about Stephen and Bloom, specifically referencing their artistic sensibilities. McCoy tells Lenehan that Bloom has a refined, artistic side, while Buck tells Haines that, though he will never be a poet, Stephen will write something in ten years. This schematic alignment of Stephen and Bloom prepares us for their climactic meeting to come and prepares us to see their “relationship” as potentially something other than father-son.

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No Fear

by mdd07c, September 16, 2012

This book needs a No Fear for it! But if there were a No Fear made, it should be made in a different way from the others; some lines just need to be put into context. For example, I can't tell if one character is thinking or talking.

2 Comments

11 out of 16 people found this helpful

No Fear and Video

by barty567, February 06, 2013

I think Ulysses, and all Joyce (except Finnegan's Wake) should have a No Fear and a summary video. These classics are often overlooked by kids my age, and they should be read!

0 Comments

1 out of 1 people found this helpful

perplexed

by Nordwall, September 22, 2014

I'm about half way through Ulysses and I'm beginning to realize that his scenarios and conversations will never become any clearer than they are now. I rarely quit a thing once I've started, but it's very frustrating. To those of you who have read it in full....do you understand who's talking, where they are, who's good/bad.....nothing is clear to me. I just keep reading words......I'm not sure why.

2 Comments

2 out of 2 people found this helpful

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