Hegel, G. W. F. Introduction to the Philosophy of History. Trans. Leo Rauch. Cambridge: Hackett Publishing, 1988.
Hegel, G. W. F. Philosophy of Right [paragraphs 341-360]. Trans. T. M. Knox. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1967.
Hegel, G. W. F. Phenomenology of Spirit. Trans. A.V. Miller. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1977.
Avineri, S. Hegel's Theory of the Modern State. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1972.
MacIntyre, A., ed. Hegel: A Collection of Critical Essays. New York: Doubleday Anchor, 1972.
Inwood, M., ed. Hegel (Oxford Readings in Philosophy). Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1985.
Ritter, J. Hegel and the French Revolution. Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press, 1982.
Hegel suggests that no state in any age or any stage of human history can be perfect no matter how high and noble goals it may pursue or achieve. By the time the state achieve those high ideals, human intellect achieves new heights which makes the high goals already achieved by that “next to perfect” state outdated and a quest for achieving the new targets and goals starts, leading human society to its next level, a higher level of development and a new stage in the journey towards perfection.