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Paradise Lost

John Milton


Key Facts

Key Facts

full title  ·  Paradise Lost

author  · John Milton

type of work  · Poem

genre  · Epic

language  · English

time and place written  ·  16561674; England

date of first publication  · First Edition (ten books), 1667; Second Edition (twelve books), 1674

publisher  · S. Simmons, England

narrator  · Milton

point of view  · Third person

tone  · Lofty; formal; tragic

tense  · Present

setting (time)  · Before the beginning of time

setting (place)  · Hell, Chaos and Night, Heaven, Earth (Paradise, the Garden of Eden)

protagonist  · Adam and Eve

major conflict  · Satan, already damned to Hell, undertakes to corrupt God’s new, beloved creation, humankind.

rising action  · The angels battle in Heaven; Satan and the rebel angels fall to Hell; God creates the universe; Satan plots to corrupt God’s human creation; God creates Eve to be Adam’s companion; Raphael answers Adam’s questions and warns him of Satan

climax  · Adam and Eve eat the fruit of the Tree of Knowledge.

falling action  · The Son inflicts punishment; Adam and Eve repent; Adam learns about the future of man

themes  · The Importance of Obedience to God; The Hierarchical Nature of the Universe; The Fall as Partly Fortunate

motifs  · Light and Dark; The Geography of the Universe; Conversation and Contemplation

symbols  · The Scales in the Sky; Adam’s wreath

foreshadowing  · Eve’s vanity at seeing her reflection in the lake; Satan’s transformation into a snake and his final punishment

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just wow

by jimmypagesscarf, September 03, 2013

This is it.... this is what sends us all to Hel....


8 out of 42 people found this helpful


by Astori, April 21, 2014

I agree with most of the explanation and analysis above. But one thing else to be added is that a hero doesn't bear evil intentions ever, otherwise there would be no difference between a protagonist and an antagonist.


6 out of 21 people found this helpful

Q. Consider 'Paradise Lost' as an Epic.

by touhidsm, April 22, 2014

Q. What qualities of an epic do you find in 'Paradise Lost'?

Ans: Paradise Lost is one of the finest examples of epic tradition in all of literature. Paradise Lost is an epic poem in blank verse by the 17th-century English poet John Milton. It was originally published in 1667 (though written nearly ten years earlier) in ten books, with a total of over ten thousand individual lines of verse.
Read the full answer at


2 out of 2 people found this helpful

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