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Frankenstein

Mary Shelley

Key Facts

Important Quotations Explained

Study Questions & Essay Topics

full title ·  Frankenstein: or, The Modern Prometheus

author · Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley

type of work · Novel

genre · Gothic science fiction

language · English

time and place written · Switzerland, 1816, and London, 1816–1817

date of first publication · January 1, 1818

publisher · Lackington, Hughes, Harding, Mavor, & Jones

narrator · The primary narrator is Robert Walton, who, in his letters, quotes Victor Frankenstein’s first-person narrative at length; Victor, in turn, quotes the monster’s first-person narrative; in addition, the lesser characters Elizabeth Lavenza and Alphonse Frankenstein narrate parts of the story through their letters to Victor.

climax · The murder of Elizabeth Lavenza on the night of her wedding to Victor Frankenstein in Chapter 23

protagonist · Victor Frankenstein

antagonist · Frankenstein’s monster

setting (time) · Eighteenth century

setting (place) · Geneva; the Swiss Alps; Ingolstadt; England and Scotland; the northern ice

point of view · The point of view shifts with the narration, from Robert Walton to Victor Frankenstein to Frankenstein’s monster, then back to Walton, with a few digressions in the form of letters from Elizabeth Lavenza and Alphonse Frankenstein.

falling action · After the murder of Elizabeth Lavenza, when Victor Frankenstein chases the monster to the northern ice, is rescued by Robert Walton, narrates his story, and dies

tense · Past

foreshadowing · Ubiquitous—throughout his narrative, Victor uses words such as “fate” and “omen” to hint at the tragedy that has befallen him; additionally, he occasionally pauses in his recounting to collect himself in the face of frightening memories.

tone · Gothic, Romantic, emotional, tragic, fatalistic

themes · Dangerous knowledge; sublime nature; texts; secrecy; monstrosity

motifs · Passive women; abortion

symbols · Fire and light

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Monster's Creation

by fritzalicious, August 14, 2012

The book doesn't specify if the monster was created by one man or several or how he was brought to life. I think we can safely guess that the monster was brought to life using electricity because it has such an influence on Victor. SPOILER ALERT. I would also say that is safe to say that the monster was probably created using more than one man because later on Victor tears apart/destroys the monster's companion before he completes her creation. These are just my thoughts and if anyone has anything else they would like to add please comment

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Monster

by madisonhatfield, August 15, 2012

When you say the the Monster was created by more than one man, do you mean that Victor was assisted by other people; or that the contents of the Monsters body were the product of more than one person?

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Answer

by SexyCucumber13, November 06, 2012

The contents of the body were made from different pieces in the graveyard.

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24 out of 43 people found this helpful

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