Search Menu


Key Facts

Key Facts

full title ·  Frankenstein: or, The Modern Prometheus

author · Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley

type of work · Novel

genre · Gothic science fiction

language · English

time and place written · Switzerland, 1816, and London, 1816–1817

date of first publication · January 1, 1818

publisher · Lackington, Hughes, Harding, Mavor, & Jones

narrator · The primary narrator is Robert Walton, who, in his letters, quotes Victor Frankenstein’s first-person narrative at length; Victor, in turn, quotes the monster’s first-person narrative; in addition, the lesser characters Elizabeth Lavenza and Alphonse Frankenstein narrate parts of the story through their letters to Victor.

climax · The murder of Elizabeth Lavenza on the night of her wedding to Victor Frankenstein in Chapter 23

protagonist · Victor Frankenstein

antagonist · Frankenstein’s monster

setting (time) · Eighteenth century

setting (place) · Geneva; the Swiss Alps; Ingolstadt; England and Scotland; the northern ice

point of view · The point of view shifts with the narration, from Robert Walton to Victor Frankenstein to Frankenstein’s monster, then back to Walton, with a few digressions in the form of letters from Elizabeth Lavenza and Alphonse Frankenstein.

falling action · After the murder of Elizabeth Lavenza, when Victor Frankenstein chases the monster to the northern ice, is rescued by Robert Walton, narrates his story, and dies

tense · Past

foreshadowing · Ubiquitous—throughout his narrative, Victor uses words such as “fate” and “omen” to hint at the tragedy that has befallen him; additionally, he occasionally pauses in his recounting to collect himself in the face of frightening memories.

tone · Gothic, Romantic, emotional, tragic, fatalistic

themes · Dangerous knowledge; sublime nature; texts; secrecy; monstrosity

motifs · Passive women; abortion

symbols · Fire and light

More Help

Previous Next
Monster's Creation

by fritzalicious, August 14, 2012

The book doesn't specify if the monster was created by one man or several or how he was brought to life. I think we can safely guess that the monster was brought to life using electricity because it has such an influence on Victor. SPOILER ALERT. I would also say that is safe to say that the monster was probably created using more than one man because later on Victor tears apart/destroys the monster's companion before he completes her creation. These are just my thoughts and if anyone has anything else they would like to add please comment


78 out of 435 people found this helpful


by madisonhatfield, August 15, 2012

When you say the the Monster was created by more than one man, do you mean that Victor was assisted by other people; or that the contents of the Monsters body were the product of more than one person?


79 out of 127 people found this helpful


by SexyCucumber13, November 06, 2012

The contents of the body were made from different pieces in the graveyard.


45 out of 82 people found this helpful

See all 49 readers' notes   →

Buy on and save!

Frankenstein (Barnes & Noble Classics Series)

Frankenstein (SparkNotes Literature Guide Series)