Skip over navigation

The Old Man and the Sea

Ernest Hemingway

Suggestions for Further Reading

Quiz

How to Cite This SparkNote

Baker, Carlos. Hemingway: The Writer as Artist. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1972.

Brenner, Gerry. The Old Man and the Sea: Story of a Common Man. Boston: Twayne Publishers, 1991.

Hurley, C. Harold, ed. Hemingway’s Debt to Baseball in The Old Man and the Sea: A Collection of Critical Readings. Lewiston, NY: E. Mellen Press, 1992.

———. “Just ‘a Boy’ or ‘Already a Man’?: Manolin’s Age in The Old Man and the Sea,The Hemingway Review 10, no. 2. 95–101.

Jobes, Katharine T., comp. Twentieth-Century Interpretations of The Old Man and the Sea: A Collection of Critical Essays. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1968.

Morton, Bruce. “Santiago’s Apprenticeship: A Source for The Old Man and the Sea,The Hemingway Review 2, no. 2. 52–55.

Reynolds, Michael S. Hemingtway. 5 vols. New York: W. W. Norton, 1998–2000.

Waldmeir, Joseph J. and Frederick J. Svoboda, eds. Hemingway: Up in Michigan Perspectives. East Lansing: Michigan State University Press, 1995.

Weeks, Robert P. Hemingway: A Collection of Critical Essays. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1962.

Young, Philip. Ernest Hemingway. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1961.

More Help

Previous Next
The Warbler

by TheGunney, August 27, 2014

I believe the Warbler which lands on Santiago's skiff before flying off to meet the Hawks could be considered a minor character. I believe it serves as a symbol or something of the small comforts of life which are fine and enjoyable, but often leave us without warning or reason.

0 Comments

3 out of 3 people found this helpful

Warbler

by anon_2223126037, November 08, 2014

In reply to The Gunner.

I think you are right, but I think you can also look at the warbler as almost a metaphor for Santiago.When the warbler lands on his line he is very tired and has just completed a long and hard journey and is resting for a bit before going off to meet the predatory hawks. This is much like Santiago's state just after he has caught the Marlin. He is very tired and worn yet has precious little time to rest before he must go and face the predatory sharks.

Follow Us