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The French and Indian War (1754-1763)
Early Battles and Fort Necessity
The Failure of General Braddock
Declared War and French Dominance
The Massacre at Fort William Henry
British Ascension (1758)
Battle of Quebec
A Tenuous Peace (1760-63)
Important People and Places
Suggested Essay Topics
How to Cite This SparkNote
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1. What was preliminary conflict to the French and Indian War?
King Phillip's War
King James' War
King George's War
Burger King's War
2. What was the main pressure leading up to the French and Indian War?
Concern for the Indians
Desire for land
A war in Europe
Different political philosophies
3. Who was the governor of Virginia that sparked the conflict by sending a messenger to the French in late 1753?
4. Who was that messenger?
5. What was the name of the fort erected by that messenger's troops after the first fight of the war?
6. Where was this fort erected?
7. What was the ironic date of the fort's surrender to the French?
8. What became of many Acadians displaced by the British takeover of Acadia in 1755?
They became Louisiana Cajuns
They went to Montreal
They went back to France
They joined the Indians
9. What was the name of the first British general to set foot in America?
10. What were the elements of this general's three-pronged strategy?
Montreal, Fort Western, Fort Frederick
Fort Oswego, Fort Carillon, Fort Edward
Fort Niagara, Fort Frederick, Fort Duquesne
Fort Niagara, Quebec, Montreal
11. What became of this general?
He went on to great fame as the orchestrator of English victory
He was a traitor who joined the French
He was defeated and killed in the attack on Fort Duquesne
He died at Fort Oswego
12. Where was the first British victory?
The battle of Montreal
The battle of Lake George
The battle of Quebec
The battle of Lake Huron
13. Who led the first British victory?
14. What was this war hero's day job?
He was the Indian agent for New York
He lived off of his parents' wealth
He served in the state congress
He made hats
15. What type of immigrant was this hero?
16. What year did France and England declare war?
17. What was the name of the French commander-in-chief?
18. What was the name of the English commander-in-chief?
Earl of Loundoun
Earl of London
Duke of Earl
Earl of Sandwich
19. Why was there a "mutiny" at Crown Point among the colonial soldiers?
They were tired of waiting for a fight
The Earl made them lackeys for the British soldiers
They wanted to go home
The Earl humiliated them by demoting them because they were colonials
20. When was the battle of Fort William Henry?
21. What was the name of the British general who retreated from the fort?
22. What was the name of the lieutenant colonel he left in charge?
23. Who was the author who dramatized this battle?
James Fenimore Cooper
24. What was the name of the book this author wrote about this battle?
All Quiet on the Western Front
The Last of the Mohicans
25. About how many people were killed in the massacre?
26. Why was the British lieutenant colonel's request for reinforcements denied?
The message was not delivered in time
The message was never received
It was the personal decision of the general who abandoned the fort
No reinforcements were available
27. What were the "years of defeat" for the British?
28. What was the name of the leader of the British ministry?
29. In what year did the tide begin to turn for the British?
30. What victory opened the route to Canada for the British?
The battle of Fort William Henry
The battle of Duquesne
The battle of Montreal
The battle of Louisbourg
31. When the British conquered Fort Duquesne, what did they rename it?
32. Today, what is the name of the city where that fort stood?
33. What victory opened the Western frontier to the British?
34. What was the name of the French island the British conquered in the spring of 1759?
35. Why was this island valuable?
It produced rice for the French peasants
It was not valuable
It was valuable strategically for the French
It was a major sugar-producing island
36. What was the name of the British general who led the battle of Quebec?
37. What was so difficult about this battle?
The British were on unfamiliar territory
The British couldn't fight
The city was heavily fortified and defended
The French ambushed the British
38. How long did the battle of Quebec take?
39. What took the battle so long?
The British did not have enough men to surround the city and had to use a siege
Both armies suffered from the winter and desertion by their troops
The French kept calling for reinforcements
The British kept calling for reinforcements
40. How long did the actual battle last?
About 15 days
About 15 minutes
41. What happened to both generals in the battle?
They had a duel
They were both killed
They engaged in hand-to-hand combat with each other
42. What was the next French city to fall?
The Yukon territory
43. When did the British flag fly over Detroit, signaling the end of the war?
November 20, 1760
September 15, 1760
December 1, 1760
September 31, 1760
44. When was the Treaty of Paris signed?
45. What did France give up, and to whom?
All of its colonial territories to the British
All territory east of the Mississippi to the British; all territory west of the Mississippi to the Spanish
Just Louisiana, to the British
46. What was France allowed to keep?
New France (Canada)
All its territory west of the Mississippi
New Orleans, Martinique, Guadeloupe, St. Lucia
47. What Indian nation did Pontiac belong to?
48. When did "Pontiac's War" break out?
49. How long did "Pontiac's War" last?
50. What conflicts did the French and Indian War leave unsolved?
The presence of the French in America
Conflict with colonists, land claims
Conflict with colonists
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