Important People and Places
British and colonials
Earl of Loundoun
Appointed commander-in-chief of the British forces in 1756, Loundoun presided
over, and caused, many devastating failures for the British.
Major General Edward Braddock
The first general to arrive from Britain. He was killed in 1755 at the
first battle for Fort Duquesne.
Lieutenant Governor Robert Dinwiddie
The colonial leader of Virginia in 1754, Dinwiddie was concerned about French
encroachment on the Virginia border. In late 1753, he sends a 21-year-old major
in the Virginia military named George Washington to tell the French to back
away from the border.
Johnson began his career as the Indian agent for the colony of New York. During
this period he was one of the most successful negotiators with many Indian
nations, especially the Iroquois. During the war he became a war hero as well,
leading the British to victory at the Battle of Lake George in 1755.
Lieutenant Colonel George Munro
In history, Munro met defeat as the leader of Fort William Henry in 1757. In
literary history, he is a central figure in James Fenimore Cooper's classic
The Last of the Mohicans
Pitt assumed leadership of the British ministry in December 1756. His
aggressive new policies for the war were a crucial part of turning the tide in
Britain's favor in the latter half of the war.
Captain Robert Rogers
Leader of the Rangers, a rough-and-tumble force of men from New Hampshire.
Operated as spies and participated in guerrilla warfare against the French to
great success throughout the war.
Washington began his career as a brash and careless diplomat and military
leader. After being asked to resign after the Fort Necessity fiasco, he
returns as a volunteer under British authority. The French and Indian War is
where Washington learned how to be a leader.
Major British general who led the British to victory in the Battle of Quebec.
French and Colonials
Louis-Joseph de Montcalm
Beginning in 1756, Montcalm took over as commander-in-chief of the French forces
in North America. He was a much-feared and respected general who lost his life
at the Battle of Quebec.
Marquis de Vaudreuil
In 1755, he became the governor of Canada, replacing the Marquis Duquesne.
Forts and Places
Fort George/Fort Duquesne/Fort Pitt
This centrally located fort in what is now Pittsburgh, PA changed hands many
times during the war. It was the site of England's first disastrous battle, in
which Braddock lost his life.
This hastily constructed fort in Great Meadows, PA was the site of
George Washington's first defeat in 1754. Later in American history, it oddly came
to symbolize the rugged spirit of the colonials.
Fort William Henry
Site of the most notorious massacre in colonial history, this fort located near
the Hudson River fell to the French in 1757.
An important city on the east coast of Canada (in present-day Nova Scotia). It was a French stronghold of arms and supplies.
A major French fort and city north of Albany. The British failed repeatedly to
seize it; they finally succeeded in 1759.