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High Middle Ages (1000-1200)
Getting There: Byzantium, 650-870
Byzantium Triumphant, Byzantium Faltering: 960-1071
Germany, 920-1075: The Saxon Empire to the Investiture Controversy
England from Saxon Kingdom to Norman Conquest: 925-1135
The Crusades: 1095-1204
Byzantium, 1081-1261: Decay, Defeats, Latin Betrayal, and Survival
France & England, 987-1226: Capets and Angevins
France, 1226-1270: Louis IX
Germany in the Hohenstaufen Era: 1137-1250
Christianity: Expansion, Monastic and Papal Reform, Clash with Secular Rulers (910-1122)
Christianity, 1130-1244: Spiritual Invigoration, the Papal Monarchy, and Heresy
Key Terms and Events
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1. The Pope during the Investiture Controversy was
2. Which document put an end to the Investiture Controversy with Germany?
The Third Lateran Council, 1122
The Concordat of Worms, 1122
Gratian's Decretals, 1108
The Treaty of the Lech, 955
3. When was the final East-West Church Schism?
4. Who was the 'Bulgar-Slayer'?
Vladimir of Rus
5. What did Vladimir do to get Basil's daughter in marriage?
He gave Basil 6000 Varangians
He accepted Orthodox Christianity and gave 6000 Varangians
He reigned in Sviatoslav
He converted to Christianity
6. Who was Gregory VII's opponent?
Henry the Fowler
Henry IV of Germany
Henry III of England
The archbishop of worms
7. What was Harold Godwinson's last victory?
Against Harold Hardrada, 1066
Defeat of Swen Estrithson, 1067
Witan's election of him in 1064
8. Robert Guiscard protected
William the Bastard
9. Albigensians were located mostly in
Bulgaria's Bogomil mountains
Languedoc and Toulouse
The Paulican fastnesses
10. When did Bouvines occur?
11. Who began to turn the tide against the Crusaders?
12. What were the key Crusader States?
Jerusalem, Acre and Antioch
Jerusalem, Constantinople, Edessa, and Antioch
Jerusalem, Edessa, and Antioch
Jerusalem, Tripoli, and Edessa
13. Who were the protagonists at Bouvines?
Richard the Lionheart and Louis VIII
John, Philip II Augustus, and Otto IV
Alfonso V and the Almohads
Rudolph of Swabia and Henry IV
14. What dynasty ruled Egypt during the first two Crusades?
The Seljuks of Rum
15. What was a Theme?
exiled Byzantine strongholds
Military-administrative district in Anatolia
imperial outposts in Ravenna and Rome
military lands in Anatolia
16. When did Byzantium first stop Islamic advances?
17. What was Leo III's contribution?
Efficient tax collection
The defeat of an Islamic siege
He was the first iconodule
18. To whom did Basil turn for military forces?
19. Who were not allies
Otto and Magnus Billung
Richard and Louis VIII
Robert Guiscard and Roger
Innocent III and Francis of Assisi
20. Who sent Humbert to Constantinople?
21. Enqueteur is
gold deposits in Toulouse
The french crown's local investigators
a Norman sheriff
22. What was Irene's inspiration?
Marriage to Charlemagne
to be Empress in the West
To convert the Bulgars
23. When did Basil rule?
24. When was
and who proclaimed it?
1075, Gregory VII
1059, Alexander II
Henry IV, 1077
25. Cluny symbolizes
26. Where did Simon de Montfort take his Crusade?
27. Who could be described as a 'Pious Hippy'?
28. What did Leo II introduce to Byzantium?
29. What was not part of the College of Cardinals' duties?
Electing the Pope
Deposing a Pope
Debating fine points of Theology
30. Which is not an aspect of the Themes?
militarized peasants as mobilizible soldiers
strict separation of civil and military administration
Powerful army leaders in charge oif civil administration
division of Anatolia and Asia minor into military districts
31. When did Salah al-Din retake Jerusalem??
he never did
32. What was Raymond of Toulouse's problem?
Failure to go on Crusade
Protection of Albigensians
poor dynastic claims
33. What was not a component of the Cluniac approach?
close abbot control
autonomy from patrons
communal liturgic prayer
34. Simony refers to
Simon the Dragon Slayer
Trafficking in Church offices
deposition of ruling Mayors
35. What is not one of Islam's five pillars?
36. Where did the Fourth Crusade attack first?
37. When was the battle of Las Navas de Tolosa and who was involved?
1086, Almoravids and Aragonese
1212, Almohads and Castilians
1229, Montfort and Albigensians
920, Fatimids and Almohads
38. Islamic policy to Christians and Jews was
conversion or death
religious freedom but financial liability and social demotion
39. The first Muslim siege of Constantinople was in
40. The dynasty replacing the Fatimids in Egypt was
41. When and what was Lechfeld?
955, defeat of Vikings
955, defeat of Magyars
552, defeat of Goths
533, defeat of Vandals
42. Fealty describes
vows of monasticism
personal oath of feudal loyalty
vassal's dues to lord
English court system
43. When did Ferdinand III of Castile rule?
44. What describes the Ottonian System?
church synods as parliament
Sovereign's support, use, and control of Church
Control of Rome officials
Papal investiture of bishops
45. What did the Papal states not include?
areas vacated by Byzantium
46. When was Manzikert and who were the leaders involved?
1176, Manuel and Kilij Arslan
1071, Romanus IV Diogenes and Alp Arslan
960, Sayf al-Dawla and Nicephorus Phocas
1214, John and Philkip II Augustus
47. When did the Normans arrive in Italy?
48. Who did not lead First Crusade armies?
Godfrey of Bouillon
Conrad III of Germany
Raymond de St. Gilles
Baldwin of Flanders
49. When did Otto I become Holy Roman Emperor
50. what was a sheriff
English provincial inspector
Byzantine urban police
Germanic blood money scale
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