1. Which of the following was not a reason for the revival of botany?

2. Where did botany first develop during the sixteenth century?

3. Which of the following was a major flaw in Otto Brunfels' botanical writing?

4. Which of the following ancient Greeks set forth the concepts of human biology which dominated the Middle Ages?

5. Which of the following ancient Greeks set forth the concepts of astronomy which dominated the Middle Ages?

6. Which part of the human body did Andreas Vesalius make groundbreaking analyses of?

7. Nicolas Copernicus was best known as a ___________.

8. True or false: The concept of astronomy under the Aristotelian system is best described as heliocentric.

9. Which of the following astronomers was burned at the stake as a heretic?

10. In Tycho Brahe's model of the universe, the Earth __________.

11. Rene Descartes is credited with introducing which of the following?

12. Descartes worked extensively in all but which of the following fields?

13. Which of the following did Francis Bacon warn scientists to avoid?

14. Which of the following is considered an indirect result of Bacon's Novum Organum?

15. The famous quotation "I think, therefore I am" is attributed to which of the folowing?

16. Which of the following introduced the decimal system of representing fractions?

17. Which of the following introduced logarithms?

18. Rene Descartes' work Geometry describes how which of the following relates to the study of geometry?

19. Which of the following claimed the work of John Wallis as a major influence on their own?

20. Which sub-field of physics was most immediately affected by mathematical advances?

21. In which city did Galileo publicly demonstrate the uniform acceleration resulting from gravity?

22. Which of the following was not one of the four elements of which alchemists thought all matter was composed?

23. Which of the following invented the word 'gas'?

24. Of the following people, who invented the air pump?

25. Who invented the barometer?

26. Robert Boyle and Robert Hooke are credited with the discovery of which of the following?

27. Which of the following was a benefit enjoyed by physicists over other scientists?

28. Santorio Santorio is best known for advances in which of the following areas of biology?

29. Which of the following first demonstrated that blood circulates through the human body continuously?

30. Where did Descartes believe the human soul resided?

31. Franciscus Sylvius differed from many other biologists of the time in that he studied _________.

32. Johannes Kepler thought that the structure of the universe was most dependent upon which of the following?

33. In what year did Kepler reveal the third and last of his laws of planetary motion?

34. Which of the following was not a major topic in Galileo's work, Messenger of the Heavens?

35. Which of Galileo's theories was most offensive to the Church?

36. Galileo published Dialogue on the Two Chief Systems of the World in which year?

37. How many laws of motion did Newton elucidate?

38. What was the centerpiece of Newton's work?

39. Which of the following astronomers developed a model of the universe farthest from that which Newton described?

40. Which mathematical tool did Newton develop in order to apply his physical theories?

41. True or false: Newton's Principia was almost immediately recognized by all of Europe as a revolutionary work.

42. To which writer is owed the story of Newton and the falling apple?

43. Which of the following British Kings founded the Royal Society of London?

44. Which of the following was a primary feature of the Royal Society?

45. Which of the following fields was far and away the most important to the Royal Society?

46. News of the advances made by Europe's scientific societies was spread primarily by which means?

47. What was the most widely experienced manifestation of prevailing theories on biology during the seventeenth century?

48. Which of the following scientists had the most difficulty separating science from mysticism?

49. How many people were tried for witchcraft in 1692 in Salem, Massachusetts?

50. Which of the following did the most to retain the sense of mysticism and tradition in Europe?

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