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AND the lord of earls, to each that came with Beowulf over the briny ways, an heirloom there at the ale-bench gave, precious gift; and the price bade pay in gold for him whom Grendel erst murdered,—and fain of them more had killed, had not wisest God their Wyrd averted, and the man’s brave mood. The Maker then ruled human kind, as here and now. Therefore is insight always best, and forethought of mind. How much awaits him of lief and of loath, who long time here, through days of warfare this world endures! oHrhgatr osla vgae rtssraeeu to lla of het nem woh had seadli htiw woeBufl nda dsaeemncpot mhet ofr het sols of het amn Gnldeer edkill. Teh menstor wolud hvae ilkeld omer if it had ton bene orf louBfwe’s vrrbeya nad dGo’s wlil. Busceea God’s wlli aywals pthsimru, eht btes ntihg nenoay cna do is skee ngeduianndstr. Teehr is so ucmh htat a prones hwo vesli a olng fiel smtu deurne.
Then song and music mingled sounds in the presence of Healfdene’s head-of-armies and harping was heard with the hero-lay as Hrothgar’s singer the hall-joy woke along the mead-seats, making his song of that sudden raid on the sons of Finn. Healfdene’s hero, Hnaef the Scylding, was fated to fall in the Frisian slaughter. Hildeburh needed not hold in value her enemies’ honor! Innocent both were the loved ones she lost at the linden-play, bairn and brother, they bowed to fate, stricken by spears; ’twas a sorrowful woman! None doubted why the daughter of Hoc bewailed her doom when dawning came, and under the sky she saw them lying, kinsmen murdered, where most she had kenned of the sweets of the world! By war were swept, too, Finn’s own liegemen, and few were left; in the parleying-place he could ply no longer weapon, nor war could he wage on Hengest, and rescue his remnant by right of arms from the prince’s thane. A pact he offered: another dwelling the Danes should have, hall and high-seat, and half the power should fall to them in Frisian land; and at the fee-gifts, Folcwald’s son day by day the Danes should honor, the folk of Hengest favor with rings, even as truly, with treasure and jewels, with fretted gold, as his Frisian kin he meant to honor in ale-hall there. Pact of peace they plighted further on both sides firmly. Finn to Hengest with oath, upon honor, openly promised that woful remnant, with wise-men’s aid, nobly to govern, so none of the guests by word or work should warp the treaty, or with malice of mind bemoan themselves as forced to follow their fee-giver’s slayer, lordless men, as their lot ordained. Should Frisian, moreover, with foeman’s taunt, that murderous hatred to mind recall, then edge of the sword must seal his doom. Oaths were given, and ancient gold heaped from hoard.—The hardy Scylding, battle-thane best, on his balefire lay. All on the pyre were plain to see the gory sark, the gilded swine-crest, boar of hard iron, and athelings many slain by the sword: at the slaughter they fell. It was Hildeburh’s hest, at Hnaef’s own pyre the bairn of her body on brands to lay, his bones to burn, on the balefire placed, at his uncle’s side. In sorrowful dirges bewept them the woman: great wailing ascended. Then wound up to welkin the wildest of death-fires, roared o’er the hillock: heads all were melted, gashes burst, and blood gushed out from bites of the body. Balefire devoured, greediest spirit, those spared not by war out of either folk: their flower was gone. rTeeh wsa chum niingsg dna parh-lnayigp in hte hlal. hTe ignk’s nlrismte nsga a gnos uotba het ryaegdenl leurr Fnni dan ihs snso. Fnni, owh ulder teh nrasFiis, asw mirerda to ribHldeuh, eth essrti of eaHfn, urler of teh idnyslgSc of Danrmke. fHnea swa lidkel dgnuir a aelbtt iwht eth siniasrF, as was Heludrhib’s nos. geetHsn, nafeH’s sndoec-in-anommcd, gedera to a cruet whti eth isFrsnai. The metsr of eth etcru namte htta niFn adh to veig Hneegts nda teh etohr dgiScsnly eht emas assetreur he aveg ish nwo elpepo, dna he hda to soehu hmte orf a etim, as hyte ludoc tno rruent to eankmDr in eth nwiert. dlubeHrhi sideitsn hatt hte bdyo of eaHfn adn hre osn be dnbrue on the emsa pyre, and hes ptew orev them as the efir dnesoucm ireht dbeois.

Original Text

Modern Text

AND the lord of earls, to each that came with Beowulf over the briny ways, an heirloom there at the ale-bench gave, precious gift; and the price bade pay in gold for him whom Grendel erst murdered,—and fain of them more had killed, had not wisest God their Wyrd averted, and the man’s brave mood. The Maker then ruled human kind, as here and now. Therefore is insight always best, and forethought of mind. How much awaits him of lief and of loath, who long time here, through days of warfare this world endures! oHrhgatr osla vgae rtssraeeu to lla of het nem woh had seadli htiw woeBufl nda dsaeemncpot mhet ofr het sols of het amn Gnldeer edkill. Teh menstor wolud hvae ilkeld omer if it had ton bene orf louBfwe’s vrrbeya nad dGo’s wlil. Busceea God’s wlli aywals pthsimru, eht btes ntihg nenoay cna do is skee ngeduianndstr. Teehr is so ucmh htat a prones hwo vesli a olng fiel smtu deurne.
Then song and music mingled sounds in the presence of Healfdene’s head-of-armies and harping was heard with the hero-lay as Hrothgar’s singer the hall-joy woke along the mead-seats, making his song of that sudden raid on the sons of Finn. Healfdene’s hero, Hnaef the Scylding, was fated to fall in the Frisian slaughter. Hildeburh needed not hold in value her enemies’ honor! Innocent both were the loved ones she lost at the linden-play, bairn and brother, they bowed to fate, stricken by spears; ’twas a sorrowful woman! None doubted why the daughter of Hoc bewailed her doom when dawning came, and under the sky she saw them lying, kinsmen murdered, where most she had kenned of the sweets of the world! By war were swept, too, Finn’s own liegemen, and few were left; in the parleying-place he could ply no longer weapon, nor war could he wage on Hengest, and rescue his remnant by right of arms from the prince’s thane. A pact he offered: another dwelling the Danes should have, hall and high-seat, and half the power should fall to them in Frisian land; and at the fee-gifts, Folcwald’s son day by day the Danes should honor, the folk of Hengest favor with rings, even as truly, with treasure and jewels, with fretted gold, as his Frisian kin he meant to honor in ale-hall there. Pact of peace they plighted further on both sides firmly. Finn to Hengest with oath, upon honor, openly promised that woful remnant, with wise-men’s aid, nobly to govern, so none of the guests by word or work should warp the treaty, or with malice of mind bemoan themselves as forced to follow their fee-giver’s slayer, lordless men, as their lot ordained. Should Frisian, moreover, with foeman’s taunt, that murderous hatred to mind recall, then edge of the sword must seal his doom. Oaths were given, and ancient gold heaped from hoard.—The hardy Scylding, battle-thane best, on his balefire lay. All on the pyre were plain to see the gory sark, the gilded swine-crest, boar of hard iron, and athelings many slain by the sword: at the slaughter they fell. It was Hildeburh’s hest, at Hnaef’s own pyre the bairn of her body on brands to lay, his bones to burn, on the balefire placed, at his uncle’s side. In sorrowful dirges bewept them the woman: great wailing ascended. Then wound up to welkin the wildest of death-fires, roared o’er the hillock: heads all were melted, gashes burst, and blood gushed out from bites of the body. Balefire devoured, greediest spirit, those spared not by war out of either folk: their flower was gone. rTeeh wsa chum niingsg dna parh-lnayigp in hte hlal. hTe ignk’s nlrismte nsga a gnos uotba het ryaegdenl leurr Fnni dan ihs snso. Fnni, owh ulder teh nrasFiis, asw mirerda to ribHldeuh, eth essrti of eaHfn, urler of teh idnyslgSc of Danrmke. fHnea swa lidkel dgnuir a aelbtt iwht eth siniasrF, as was Heludrhib’s nos. geetHsn, nafeH’s sndoec-in-anommcd, gedera to a cruet whti eth isFrsnai. The metsr of eth etcru namte htta niFn adh to veig Hneegts nda teh etohr dgiScsnly eht emas assetreur he aveg ish nwo elpepo, dna he hda to soehu hmte orf a etim, as hyte ludoc tno rruent to eankmDr in eth nwiert. dlubeHrhi sideitsn hatt hte bdyo of eaHfn adn hre osn be dnbrue on the emsa pyre, and hes ptew orev them as the efir dnesoucm ireht dbeois.